THE ENGLISH ALPHABET

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término English
definición English

a; ay
Alpha

bee
Bravo

cee
Charlie

D
dog, dinosaur
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dee
Delta

ee
Echo

F
fox, fireman
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eff
Foxtrot

G
goose, ghost, guitar, giraffe, grapes, gifts, glass, glasses, gloves, grasshopper
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gee/jee
Golf

H
helicopter, hippopotamus
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aitch/haitch
Hotel

i
India

jay
Juliet

K
king, key, koala, kettle, kanguru, kite, knife, knot
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kay
Kilo

L
leaves, lamb, lemon
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el/ell
Lima

M
milk, monkey
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em
Mike

N
nine, nurse, nail, note
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en
November

O
owl, orange, octopus
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o
Oscar

P
penguin, pie, pizza, pear
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pee
Papa

Q
queen, quarterback, quack quack
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cue
Quebec

R
rainbow, rattle, rose, rocket
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ar
Romeo

S
sock, stool, skate, sun, snake
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ess
Sierra

T
truck, tiger, train, top, telephone, tooth, tree, today, tire, toast, talk
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tee
Tango

U
umbrella, unicorn, up
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u
Uniform

V
vase, vulture, vegetables, van
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vee
Victor

W
watermelon, whale, web
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double-U
Whisky

X
box, six, fox
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ex
X-Ray

wy
Yankee

Z
zebra, zero, zigzag, zipper, zero
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zee/zed
Zulu

I am a cauliflower and I can spell it:
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cee- a-u-el-i-ef-el-o-double-u-e-ar

SUBJECT PRONOUNS
Subject pronouns indicate the person or object we are talking about.
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I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They.
PERSON: singular (1st, 2nd, 3rd male, 3rd female, 3rd neutral) plural (1st, 2nd, 3rd)

TO BE
I am small. I am in New York.
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The verb "to be" means to exist.

I am innocent.

You are guilty.

He is guilty. He is the guilty one.

We are innocent.

You are the guilty ones!

They are idiots.

Peek-a-boo. Here I am.
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Now I am not.
esconde-esconde; cu cu

To Be in the Present Simple
The SIMPLE PRESENT FORM of TO BE
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I am, You are, He is, She is, It is, We are, You are, They are.
I'm, You're, He's, She's, It's, We're, You're, They're

to make QUESTIONS, invert the subject and the verb.
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Am I? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?

To make NEGATIVES, insert NOT after the verb "to be".
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I am not, You are not, He is not, She is not, It is not, We are not, You are not, They are not.
I'm not, You aren't, He isn't, She isn't. It isn't, We aren't, You aren't, They aren't.

Place prepositions
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Among, on, over, in front of, in, under, behind, next to, between.

where is it?
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The lamp is next to the chaise lounge. The cat is under the chaise lounge. The pants are in front of the cat. The picture is behind the chaise lounge.Mr. Sweat is in Mrs. Sweat.

Where are these people from?
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I'm from Russia. I'm from China. I'm from Japan.

QUESTION words
Who is she? How much does he earn? How old is he? Where is he from?
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are used to ask for information and require more than a "yes" or "no" answer.
What's his name? What's he like? What's his address? What's his phone number? What does he do? What is he into?

WHAT
What's his name?
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asking for information about something

WHEN
When is he coming?
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asking for time

WHERE
Where is he from?
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asking for place

WHO
Who is he?
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asking for person

WHY
Why do you like him?
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asking for reason

HOW
How is he in bed?
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asking for manner

WHICH
Which one do you like?
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asking for choice

WHOSE
Whose bag is this?
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asking for possession

WHOM
Whom are you going to date?
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asking for which person

HOW MUCH/HOW MANY
How much does he earn?
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asking for quantity

HOW COME
How come he doesn't call me?
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asking for reason (informal expression for "why?")

If the question word is the object of the preposition,
Where is he from? or What did he come for?
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put the preposition at the end.
Where is he from? or What did he come for?

They will give you a terrible beating at school tomorrow. I wish you the best.
SUBJECT + VERB + INDIRECT OBJECT + DIRECT OBJECT + PLACE + TIME
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WORD ORDER IN positive SENTENCES

Why did you send him anonymous letters to his office every day? Where were you the night of the murder?
QUESTION WORD + AUXILIARY VERB + SUBJECT + VERB + INDIRECT OBJECT + DIRECT OBJECT + PLACE+ TIME
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WORD ORDER IN questions
In questions, the auxiliary verb (or the main verb "to be") goes before the subject and interrogatives go at the beginning of the sentence.

She didn't tell him the truth at the pub yesterday. He won't trust her anymore.
SUBJECT + VERB + INDIRECT OBJECT + DIRECT OBJECT + PLACE + TIME
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WORD ORDER IN negative sentences
same as positive sentences, but negative sentences need an auxiliary verb and "not" (except for the verb "to be")

words
frame, heel, high-heeled, shoes, bra, under pants,
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sock, belt, sweater, skirt, shoelaces

place prepositions: among
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used when you are mentioning one or two people or things from a larger group

place prepositions: on
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touching something or being supported by something

place prepositions: over
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above or higher than something OPP under

place prepositions: in front of
The pants are in front of the cat.
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facing something OPP behind

place prepositions: in
Mr. Sweat is in Mrs. Sweat.
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used to say the place or container where someone or something is

place prepositions: under
The cat is under the chaise lounge.
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below or at a lower level than something, or covered by something OPP over

place prepositions: behind
The picture is behind the chaise lounge.
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at the back of something

place prepositions: next to
The lamp is next to the chaise lounge.
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beside someone or something

place prepositions: between
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used to say that a place is in the middle with other places at a distance from it

English Alphabet

English Alphabetis the first and foremost step in learning English process because the phonetic alphabet used in an English learner's language may be completely different from the English phonetic alphabet from character to spelling.This lesson will help you to stay oriented in the complicated world of English alphabet.

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