5. 1 CHANGE; COMPOUND NOUNS

 0    58 tarjetas    josehbaltazar
descargar mp3 imprimir jugar test de práctica
 
término English
definición English

Match 1-8 with a)-h)
Weather, the music business, the seasons, the economy, the environment, the holiday industry, education, equality
empezar lección
to make sentences.

We are already having to adapt
to extreme weather events.
empezar lección
We are already having to adapt to extreme weather events.

Streaming services have transformed
the way we listen to music.
empezar lección
Streaming services have transformed the way we listen to music.

It takes some people time to adjust
to the change of seasons.
empezar lección
It takes some people time to adjust to the change of seasons.

Hosting a global sports event can do harm
to a country's economy.
empezar lección
Hosting a global sports event can do harm to a country's economy.

Coal and gas mining cause damage to
the environment.
empezar lección
Coal and gas mining cause damage to the environment.

Online hotel reviews have a positive effect
on travellers' experiences.
empezar lección
Online hotel reviews have a positive effect on travellers' experiences.

E-learning courses have enabled millions
to access high-quality education.
empezar lección
E-learning courses have enabled millions to access high-quality education.

The appearence of female journalists in the media has revolutionised
their fight for equality.
empezar lección
The appearence of female journalists in the media has revolutionised their fight for equality.

Underline the verb phrases related to change in Exercises 3A and 3B
empezar lección
and write them in the correct group according to their meaning. Include the part of speech that follows them.

react to change:
empezar lección
adapt to + noun; to adjust to + noun

make a positive change
empezar lección
have a positive effect on + noun|pronoun; enabled + noun|pronoun + infinitive with "to"

make a negative change
empezar lección
have devastating effects on + noun | pronoun; can|do harm to + noun; cause damage to + noun

make a big change
empezar lección
revolutionised + noun; transform + noun

Complete the encyclopedia entries
empezar lección
with the names of the inventions in the photos.

The (1) was expected to be a major breakthrough for transport
but in the trade-off between safety and efficiency, safety won. The outlook for its future remains poor.
empezar lección
The jet pack was expected to be a major breakthrough for transport
but in the trade-off between safety and efficiency, safety won. The outlook for its future remains poor.

The (2) was expected to revolutionise communication
but had a serious drawback: it could not be used over a long range and communications breakdowns were common.
empezar lección
The wrist radio was expected to revolutionise communication
but had a serious drawback: it could not be used over a long range and communications breakdowns were common.

As glass bottles were replaced by cans, drinks manufactures needed a replacement for the (3)
empezar lección
As glass bottles were replaced by cans, drinks manufactures needed a replacement for the bottled cap/top,

and the outcome was the (4).
The downside of the move to cans was a huge increase in the amount of rubbish.
empezar lección
and the outcome was the ring pull.
The downside of the move to cans was a huge increase in the amount of rubbish.

Match definitions 1-6
empezar lección
with the words in bold above.

trade-off
There is a trade-off between the risks and the benefits involved.

expectation
empezar lección
outlook
what is expected to happen in the future

system failure
empezar lección
breakdowns
the failure of a relationship or system

a discovery
empezar lección
breakthrough
an important new discovery or development

disadvantage
2 words
empezar lección
drawback; downside
a disadvantage; the bad part of something

outcome
the final result of a meeting, process etc

Complete the information with examples from the entries in Exercise 8B.
empezar lección
More than one answer is sometimes possible.

Compound nouns are usually made of two words. They can be written as separate words, e.g. bottle cap, or a single word, e.g. (1),
empezar lección
Compound nouns are usually made of two words. They can be written as separate words, e.g. bottle cap, or a single word, e.g. breakthrough, outlook, drawback, breakdown, outcome, downside,

or they can be written with a hyphen, e.g. (2).
empezar lección
or they can be written with a hyphen, e.g. trade-off.

The plural is made by adding an "s" to the end, e.g. (?).
empezar lección
The plural is made by adding an "s" to the end, e.g. breakdowns.

Several common compound nouns are made of a verb + preposition, e.g. (3),
empezar lección
Several common compound nouns are made of a verb + preposition, e.g. breakthrough, trade-off, drawback, breakdown,
breakdowns; drawback.

or a preposition or adverb + verb, e.g. (4).
empezar lección
or a preposition or adverb + verb, e.g. outlook, outcome.
outlook

If you understand both parts of the compound,
empezar lección
you can often guess the meaning.

Listen to seven sentences.
Where does the stress usually fall?
empezar lección
Write the compound noun in each sentence in your notebook and underline the stress.
the first word in a compound noun is usually stressed

There’s been a breakthrough.
empezar lección
break

It’s a trade-off between cost and safety.
empezar lección
trade

The long-term outlook is very good.
empezar lección
out

The downside is I get paid less.
empezar lección
down

There’s only one drawback.
empezar lección
draw

There’s been a breakdown in communications.
empezar lección
break

What was the outcome of the meeting?
empezar lección
out

Match the beginnings and endings
empezar lección
to make compound adjectives for products.

long-life batteries

high-definition TV

pocket-sized camcorder

water-proof watch

voice-activated dictaphone

built-in dishwasher

hand-held GPS system

solar-powered torch

eco-friendly detergent

energy-efficient light bulb

energy-efficient light bulb

hand-held/handheld GPS

water-proof/waterproof watch

pocket-sized camcorder

eco-friendly detergent

solar-powered torch


Debes iniciar sesión para poder comentar.