Wstęp do literaturoznawstwa 6

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término English definición English
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a lengthy fictional narrative, written in prose, presenting a realistic picture of believable characters and events.
Artamène, ou le grand Cyrus, Madeleine and Georges de Scudéry 2 100 000 words 13 095 pages
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Clarissa, or The History of a Young Lady Samuel Richardson 984,870 words 1534 pages
• tells a story, rather lenghty • closely related to history, presents the account of facts and truths
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concerned with social mores • gives insight in the life at a particular time • may contain elements of myth and legend; serve didactic or explanatory fuctions
NOVEL - NOVELLA - Decameron, Bocchaccio
• evolves from anecdotes • its primary function is entertainment
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introduces new subjects, rather than utilize stock patterns and known stories • assumes action-oriented narration, a swift succession of events
ROMAN - CHIVALRIC ROMANCE - Don Quixote, Miguel de Cervantes
concerns idealized characters • ambivalent approach to „reality”
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attempts at the faithful portrait of man and his existence in the world, rather than at a minute representation of the world • may contain the elements of supernatural • symbolic
Genji Monogataari, Murasaki Shikibu (11th c.)
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El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha, Miguel de Cervantes (1605, 1615)
Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, Samuel Richardson (1740-1742)
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1. Early novel. (16th/17th centuries) •Picaresque: episodic adventure stories •Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote
2. The emergence of modern novel. (18th century) •Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe •Samuel Richardson: Pamela, Clarissa •Gothic novel: Horace Walpole •Sentimental novel: J.J. Rousseau, Julie, or the New Héloïse
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3. The age of novel. (19th century) •Realism (Balzac) and naturalism (Zola) •Novel of manners: Jane Austen, Gustav Flaubert •Historical (chronicle) novel: Sir Walter Scott, Balzac, Tolstoy •Psychological novel: Thomas Hardy, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
4. Experiments and post-modern novel. (20th century) •Experiments: James Joyce, roman nouveau (new novel) •Magic realism: Gabriel García Márquez
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5. The novel in the Google era. (21st century) •Graphic and hybrid novel •Micronovel, twitterature: Nick Douglas, Twitter Wit •Convergent novel •Google novel: Stieg Larsson, Millenium
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Adventure novel, maritime fiction, e.g., Moby Dick
detective story (crime fiction), e.g., My Name Is Red
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war novel, spy fiction, e.g., Erich Maria Remarque, Ian Fleming
thriller, e.g., Graham Greene
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horror (gothic), e.g., frankenstein by mary shelley
romance, e.g., Nathaniel Hawthorne scarlet letter
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chick lit, e.g., Bridget Jones Diary
the novel of manners, e.g., Jane Austen
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•historical novel, e.g., Walter Scott
•psychological novel, e.g., Fyodor Dostoevsky crime and punishment
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•children/young adult novel, e.g., cs lewis the lion the witch and the wardrobe by C.S. Lewis, The Hunger Games
•fantasy novel, e.g., J.R.R. Tolkien
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•science fiction novel, e.g., Stanisław Lem

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