Unit 8 Present perfect (2) (I have done)

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When we talk about a period of time that continues from the past until now, we use the present perfect (have been/have travelled etc.)
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Have you ever eaten caviar? (in your life), We’ve never had a car. Have you read Hamlet? No, I haven’t read any of Shakespeare’s plays. Susan really loves that film. She’s seen it eight times!
In the following examples the speakers are talking about a period that continues until now (recently, in the last few days, so far, since breakfast etc.)
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Have you heard from George recently? I’ve met a lot of people in the last few days. Everything is going well. We haven’t had any problems so far. I’m hungry. I haven’t eaten anything since breakfast (=from breakfast until now). It’s nice to see you again. We haven’t seen each other for a long time.
We use present perfect with today/this morning/this evening etc. when these period are not finished at the time of speaking.
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I’ve drunk four cups of coffee today. (perhaps I’ll drink more before today is finished) have you had a holiday this year (yet)? I haven’t seen Tom this morning. Have you? Ron hasn’t worked very hard this term.
Note that we say ‘It’s the first time something has happened.
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For example: It’s the first time he has driven a car (not ‘drives’) or He has never driven a car before.
Linda has lost her passport again.
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It’s second time this has happened (not ‘happens’).
This is a lovely meal.
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It’s the first good meal I’ve had for ages. (not ‘I have’)
Bill is phoning his girlfriend again.
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That’s the third time he’s phoned her this evening.

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