rhetorical figures

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término
definición

Alliteration
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the recurrence of initial consonant sounds rubber baby buggy bumpers

a reference to an event, literary work or person - I can’t do that because I am not Superman.

Amplification
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repeats a word or expression for emphasis - Love, real love, takes time.

compares two different things that have some similar characteristics - He is flaky as a snowstorm.

repeats a word or phrase in successive phrases - "If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh?” (Merchant of Venice, Shakespeare)

places a criticism and compliment together to lessen the impact - The car is not pretty but it runs great.

Antimetabole
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repeats words or phrases in reverse order - “ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.” (J F Kennedy)

Antiphrasis
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uses a word with an opposite meaning - The Chihuahua was named Goliath.

makes a connection between two things - “That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” (Neil Armstrong)

consists of harsh sounds - "Critch" "Cratch" mimicking someone walking in stilettos --- The opposite is Euphony. Poetry is considered euphonic,

Two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point - Ask not, what your country can do for you. Ask what, you can do for your country.

places a noun or phrase next to another noun for descriptive purposes - Mary, queen of the land, hosted the ball.

makes a point with details - Renovation included a spa, tennis court, pool and lounge.

Ellypsis
I was thinking ... maybe we should call home / I never thought...
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Omission of words

Epanalepsis
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repeats something from the beginning of a sentence at the end - My ears heard what you said but I couldn’t believe my ears.

using an adjective or adjective phrase to describe - mesmerizing eyes

repeats one word for emphasis - The amusement park was fun, fun, fun.

Homonyms Words that are identical with each other in pronunciation and spelling, but different in meaning.
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I love snow. I need it.

Homophones Words that are identical with each other in pronunciation, but different in meaning
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ate after eight

an exaggeration - I have done this a thousand times.

makes an understatement by denying the opposite of a word that may have been used - The terms of the contract are not disagreeable to me.

corrects or qualifies a statement - You are the most beautiful woman in this town, nay the entire world.

compares two things by stating one is the other - The eyes are the windows of the soul.

a metaphor where something being compared is referred to by something closely associated with it - The knights are loyal to the crown.

Onomatopoeia
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words that imitate the sound they describe - plunk, whiz, pop

a two word paradox - near miss, seriously funny

Parallelism
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uses words or phrases with a similar structure - I went to the store, parked the car and bought a pizza.

Polysyndeton
He saw a woman, and a man and a dog
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Close repetition of conjunctions

Rhetorical question
To be or not to be?
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A Question that is not necessarily expected to be answered

compares one object to another - He smokes like a chimney.

Understatement
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makes an idea less important than it really is - The hurricane disrupted traffic.

The using of one verb for two or more actions, They covered themselves with dust and glory

Zoomorphism
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Applying animal characteristics to humans or gods, Any Disney’s film character.


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