english definition

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término
definición

an agreement between two people or groups involved in a war, fight, or disagreement to stop it for a period of time
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truce. At least 750 people have died since the truce ended. Flag of truce.

a long narrow open hole dug in the ground during war
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trench. a trench used by soldiers to protect themselves from enemy attack

opposite of official
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unofficial

annoyed or bored with something that you feel you have accepted for too long. phrasal verb
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fed up with. I’m fed up with this job.

christmas song
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carol

przełamać lody
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break the ice

an attack in which one or more planes drop bombs on a place
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air raid

a country that makes an agreement with another country that they will work together to help each other, especially in a war
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ally. the United States and its European allies

an attack from a hidden position (trap)
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ambush. The two men were shot and wounded in an ambush. a high risk of ambush

an agreement to stop fighting for a period of time, especially in order to discuss permanent peace
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cease-fire. He believed the ceasefire would hold.

failure to win a competition or to succeed in doing something
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defeat. Nobody anticipated defeat. England suffered a 2–0 defeat by Scotland.

opposition to someone or something, especially a political or military opponent. the ability not to be affected or harmed by something, especially a disease or a drug
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resistance. The government had taken elaborate precautions to crush any resistance. Vitamin C helps build resistance to infection.

the activity of fighting a war
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warfare. an area troubled by constant warfare

wykonywać rozkazy
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to carry out orders

wypowiadać wojnę
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declare war. Great Britain declared war on Germany in 1939

to take someone’s weapons so that they can no longer use them
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disarm. a plan to disarm paramilitary groups

to take or send an army into another country in order to get control of it
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invade. The island was invaded during the war. They received information that the Americans were preparing to invade.

zestrzelić samolot
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shoot down a plane

to no longer take part in something, or to stop someone or something from taking part ex. army from somewhere or to take sth back
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withdraw. The troops began to withdraw from the northern region. The drug had to be withdrawn because of its side effects.

an explosion, especially one caused by a bomb. wybuch
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blast. Ten people were injured in the blast

rozmieszczać, rozlokowywać oddziały
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deploy troops

to go and get something and come back
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fetch. I'll fetch a chair. He fetched the dictionary

przynieść komuś wstyd
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bring shame on someone. Sally brought shame on me when she got really drunk at Peter’s party

metodą prób i błędów
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by trial and error. I guessed this password by trial and error.

gdyby nie ty
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but for you. I couldn’t have done it in time but for you

a measurement of how long something is in size
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length. This room is about five metres in length. The boat was 16 feet in length. Use two planks of unequal length

wywołać, wyzwalać coś potężnego.np. energię
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unleash. The new tax laws have unleashed a storm of criticism

to not have any or enough of something that you need or want. Brak mu pewności siebie.
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lack. He lacks confidence.

a crime that is not very serious
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petty crime. He was convicted previously of petty crime.

poddawać kogoś pod nadzór kuratora
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put sb on probation. He was put on probation for 1 year.

zakazaź coś komuś np. prowadzenia pojazdu
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be banned from. Farmers in Europe will be banned from using particular substances. He was banned from driving for 3 years.

puścić kogoś wolno
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let off. Many criminals are let off with fine these days.

śmiertelny zastrzyk przy karze śmierci
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lethal injection

nigdy nie ma pewności
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You can never be sure. We can never be sure what will happen with our children in the future

bez zastanawiania się
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without the second thought. I decided to buy the car without a second thought, and now I am not sure it was the right choice.

rzekomo, jak mówią, podobno
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reportedly. He was reportedly using the pseudonym Francisco de Castro Visconti, owned a food import company and was a partner in a nightclub

liquid waste from a person’s or animal’s body
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urine. Has the patient passed urine this morning?

nazywać kogoś jako
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refer to as. Foreigns refer to me as George. And it is also refered to as "cheesing":)

to make something such as a knife smooth or sharp by rubbing it against a hard surface
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grind (past - ground). He grinds his knives every week

to break something into very small pieces or powder, by using a machine or by crushing it between two hard surfaces
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grind or mince. Mincemeat, ground meat, fresh ground pepper, fresh ground coffee.

liczba ofiar śmiertelnych
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death toll. The official death toll from the London terrorist attacks stands at 55

a short piece of writing taken from something such as a book or letter
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extract. The pupils are analyzing an extract from the poem

porwać np. dziecko
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snatch

the amount of money that someone wants to be paid before they will let a person who they are keeping prisoner go free
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ransom. Her kidnappers are demanding a £5 million ransom

skakać z radości
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jump for joy. jumped for joy when I got the results of my exams.

opis, rysopis
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description. Barry was unable to give the police a description of his attacker. We need you to provide an accurate description of the situation

a particular way of understanding or thinking about something, wyobrażenie, spostrzeżenie
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perception. His perception of the world is very peculiar. Her perception of the situation changed over time

to express strong approval or admiration for someone or something, especially in public
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praise. He's been praised many times for his excellent grades. She was praised for being an outstanding publicist. Mayor Dixon praised the efforts of those involved in the rescue

a set of questions that you ask a large number of people or organizations, verb & noun
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survey. A survey carried out last year found 80% of the public in favour of the change. 19% of those surveyed say they haven’t decided who they will vote for

to deliberately make someone feel frightened, especially so that they will do what you want
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intimidate. The report said he used harassment and threats to intimidate television journalists.

intention

interpretować
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interpret. This move could be interpreted in two ways

expose. Police officers are exposed to danger. Those children who are exposed to second-hand smoke in cars are more likely to end up going to their doctors with respiratory infections

unable to protect yourself
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defenceless. It was an evil crime against a defenceless old man.

naruszenie, pogwałcenie
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violation. So far, no violations have been reported by either side. a factory closed for gross violations of safety regulations.

a failure to follow a law or rule. breach
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breach. breach of security. breach of duty, breach of promise

someone who is vulnerable is weak or easy to hurt physically or mentally. The fact is that any baby, whatever its complexion, is vulnerable. She says he's threatened to burn the house down and she feels vulnerable

a large crowd of people that is dangerous or difficult to control: can be followed by a singular or plural verb
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mob. An angry mob surrounded the palace

wydać np. oświadczenie albo licencje
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issue. The school issued a statement to the local press. NJ issued first liquor license.

FORMAL alcoholic drinks
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liquor

oddać coś (phrasal verb)
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hand in. We should hand in our essays by Friday. Please hand in your keys when you leave the hotel

oddać coś komuś wcześniej pożyczonego
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give sth back. Leon gave me back my book

moment szaleństwa
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a moment of madness. I, in a moment of madness, agreed to host this party for them. I let you persuade me in a moment of madness

wydać kogoś albo siebie (np. oddać się w ręce policji) NIE TURN IN
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give sb up. The murderer gave himself up to the police

śmiertelnie przerażony
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frightened to death

to put someone in jail
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Stacy Truman was jailed for ten months for the theft of 40 $ from the bank.

ogarnięty czymś np. strachem
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stricken with sth. She was stricken with guilty. I was stricken with fear.

to hide something so that it cannot be found
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conceal. The letters had been concealed under a mattress. Why did you decide to conceal your true identity?

bookmark

baza danych
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database

sprzęt komputerowy
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hardware. What hardware do you use

earphones, headphones, cans. Put the headphones on and close your eyes.

hyperlink


skrzynka pocztowa
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mailbox

płyta główna
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motherboard, mainboard. It's better to buy a new computer than to change the mainboard. My motherboard supports only four hard disk drives

system operacyjny
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operating system

scanner

ponownie załadować
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reboot

skrzynka odbiorcza
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inbox

zwiń tekst
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wrap text

awaria systemu (komputerowego)
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crash. The program crashes every time I click this button.

prinout. She gave me a printout of the webpage

jeśli chodzi o
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when it comes to. When it comes to believe in god, i really tried to:)

one of the narrow tubes with thin soft hairs on each side that cover a bird’s body
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feather. I found a peculiar feather in the park

the edge of an open container or circular object, like ... of cup
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rim of a cup, car rim

film of a particular subject or event
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footage. The video features promo clips in addition to live, interview and behind-the-scenes footage

tissue. The bullet went through muscle tissue

a simple flat boat made by tying long pieces of wood together
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raft. Cejrowski used raft to go across the river.

something dangerous, for example jumping from a building, that is done to entertain people, often as part of a film
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stunt. Her latest stunt was walking on a tightrope

stuntman

bohaterski czyn
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exploit

zamieszkiwać, zazwyczaj o zwierzętach
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dwell. He wants to turn the cave into a living laboratory, studying its topography and the species that dwell within it

reliable. My new car is very reliable. It's a very reliable source of information

rasa zwierzęcia
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breed

rozmnażać się (o zwierzętach)
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breed (bred, bred). The birds have bred successfully for the past six years

a feature of something that makes it less useful than it could be
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drawback. The main drawback of the scheme is its expense

rówieśnik
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peer. She was known among her peers as a good student

someone who is senior to you in an organization or job. Your immediate superior holds the position directly above yours
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superior

kierownik / kierowniczka
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supervisor / manager

completely necessary
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essential. He was the essential element in the show. Breathing is essential to life. It's essential that you have a first-aid kit in your car

stracić godność
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lose dignity. After the accident, I felt I’d lost my dignity

fraction. Universe was created in fraction of a second.

to make a place bright with light, or to shine a light on something
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illuminate. Her face was dimly illuminated by the reading lamp beside her.

crazy weird person
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oddball

glow. The glow of the setting sun.

z zimną krwią
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in cold blood. It was an offence committed in cold blood, you rarely see so much cruelty

set of rules which indicate what acceptable behaviour in society is
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etiquette (normy postępowania). You sholud obey the etiquette required of a genteel young female

wyleciało mi z głowy
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slipped my mind

brave (synonim), ale bardziej taki śmiały
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bold. She always had a soft spot for bold and open-minded men

a large area of ice that covers the land and sea around the North or South Pole
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ice cap

fundusz, ufundować
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fund. The purpose of this event was to raise funds to help the homeless

naturalne środowisko
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natural habitat. I've seen foxes in the zoo, but not in their natural habitat

to make something very clean by putting a substance on it that kills bacteria
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disinfect. You have to disinfect this scratch.

obowiązkowy
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mandatory. It’s mandatory to wear a seat belt in the UK.

przewyższać (siłą, rozumem), przekraczać
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surpass. Some of these very clever robots are already surpassing us, Rob. Winning the gold medal surpassed my wildest dreams.

to treat a person or an animal with a vaccine to protect them against a disease
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vaccinate. Your doctor will normally be able to vaccinate you with a flu vaccine

to make a wrong judgment about a person or situation
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misjudge. He misjudged many situations

skaza, wada, błąd
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flaw. A fatal flaw in using percentages is to try and add them up when this is not really possible

nieciekawy, nudny, nijaki
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dull. His life had been dull and lonely before he met her

to shut a door or a lid with great force so that it makes a loud noise, often because you are angry
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slam. I tried not to slam the door on my way out.


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