Vocabulary (Matasek. 01)

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término
definición

withstand (v)
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wytrzymać (v)

śledztwo, zapytanie, dochodzenie


niedostatek; także: scarcity

zasiłek

shortcoming
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niedociągnięcie

tresspasser
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osoba wkraczająca na teren prywatny

czuły; żywo reagujący

pasy startowe

niedostatek

niebezpieczny

wypowiedź

to give sb away
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wydawać kogoś [przed kimś]; wyjawić czyjś sekret; wydawać za mąż

inflections
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fleksje

wysokość tonu (dźwięk)

osiągać

to have a stake in something
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if you have a stake in something, you will get advantages if it is successful, and you feel that you have an important connection with it
Young people don’t feel they have a stake in the country’s future.

stos, kupa; układać



mieszać

niepokoić

wprowadzać, dodać; zabarwić; zaparzać

bomb planting
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sadzenie bomb:-)

put to the purpose
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do celu

to cast an eye on
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rzucić okiem (= to have a look at)

be abound with/in sth
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obfitować w coś/w czymś

To give commands to sb
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rozkazywać; to order sb about

usunąć; to take out

to recover from
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wydobrzeć; to pull through

to withdrawn from
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wycofać; to drawn back

be cut out for
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być stworzonym do; be suitable

otrzymywać; to come by

to attribute
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przypisywać; to put down to
Everybody put Mr Spark's success down to his extraordinary cleverness.

to find sth accidentally
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znaleźć coś przypadkowo; to run into sth

spowodować; to bring about

to start with the work
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zacząć od pracy; to set about

to explain sth
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wyjaśnić; to get sth across

bringing a lot of shame
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niechlubny, kompromitujący; discreditable

carefully prepared
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elaborate

instantaneous

okrutny; vicious

miniaturowy; midget

namiętny, gorliwy; zealous

the most unusual
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weird

starczy; senile

sympathetic
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współczujący

very delicate
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fragile

proud and pleasant with oneself
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zarozumiały; conceited

innocent

solidny, znaczny; substantial

tylko / jedynie; sole

to persist in
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obstawać, upierać się, nalegać

to be as right as a rain
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jak nowy, w doskonałym stanie, zdrów jak ryba

in compliance with
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zgodnie z

to someone's credit
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deserving praise and respect
It is to his credit that he's willing to admit he has a problem.

to be baffled by sth
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być zdumionym czymś
If something baffles you, you cannot understand it or explain it.

trigger off
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wywołać

to do a good turn to sb with sth
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zasłużyć się komuś czymś

to lost confidence in sb
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stracić zaufanie do kogoś

okup (n)

rodzimy

decimate
Communities afflicted with acute destitution are additionally confronted with illiteracy, life in appalling conditions and infectious diseases decimating the indigenous populations.
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zdziesiątkować

appalling
Communities afflicted with acute destitution are additionally confronted with illiteracy, life in appalling conditions and infectious diseases decimating the indigenous populations.
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przerażający

afflict
Communities afflicted with acute destitution are additionally confronted with illiteracy, life in appalling conditions and infectious diseases decimating the indigenous populations.
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dotknąć

acute
Communities afflicted with acute destitution are additionally confronted with illiteracy, life in appalling conditions and infectious diseases decimating the indigenous populations.
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ostry

destitution
Communities afflicted with acute destitution are additionally confronted with illiteracy, life in appalling conditions and infectious diseases decimating the indigenous populations.
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nędza

whereabouts
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miejsce pobytu

to find sth of use
If you give him more money, he will certainly find it of use.
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znaleźć coś, czego można użyć

to be deprived of freedom
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być pozbawionym wolności

to put sb on the spot
to cause sb's embarrassment or difficulty by forcing them at that moment to answer a difficult question or make an important decision
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wprawić kogoś w zakłopotanie trudnym pytaniem

to improve gradually
The patient's condition is gradually improving.
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to improve by degrees

to disregard sb
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ignorować; not take a notice of sb

to congratulate on making a big headway
The student was congratulated on making a big headway.
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pogratulować dokonania wielkiego postępu

not to think much of
Sarah doesn't think much of the book.
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have a low opinion of
Sarah has a low opinion of the book.

not to be on speaking terms
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nie rozmawiać ze sobą (gniewać się)
If you are not on speaking terms with someone, you refuse to speak to them because you are angry with them:

by and large
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ogólnie mówiąc; on the whole

pull through
They said the operation had been successful and they expected his wife to pull through.
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wyzdrowieć; to become well again after a serious illness, especially when you might have died

affluent man
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zamożny człowiek

take something in good part
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to not be offended or upset by a joke or criticism

to take a delight
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rozkoszować się

to risk one's neck
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ryzykować czyjś kark (?); put one's life in danger

to fall prey to
The refugees fell prey to criminal gangs.
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paść ofiarą; to be attacked, cheated, or harmed by someone bad

to be all thumbs
I'm all fingers and thumbs today. That's the second plate I've dropped this morning.
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mieć dwie lewe ręce; to move your hands in an awkward way

on the brink/verge of extinction
The white rhinoceros is on the brink of extinction.
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na skraju wymarcia

to cut a fine figure
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to look elegant (usually referring to a male); to cause people to admire you because of your appearance
The young soldier cut a fine figure in his new uniform.

to churn out
The factory churns out thousands of pairs of these shoes every week. She churns out a new best-selling novel every year.
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wypuszczać masowo jakiś badziew; to produce large amounts of something quickly, usually something of low quality:

effluent
Hardly ever do we realize how much effluent gets discharged (odprowadzać) into water.
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ścieki

discharge
Patients were discharged from the hospital because the beds were needed by other people. More than half of all prisoners discharged are reconvicted within two years.
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opuszczenie; to allow someone officially to leave somewhere, especially a hospital or a law court:
A peace protester was conditionally discharged for twelve months (= allowed to go free only if they do not commit a crime again for this period of time).

The ozone layer is being depleted due to the greenhouse effect.
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Warstwa ozonowa jest wyczerpana ze względu na efekt cieplarniany.

nędzny

wymigać się; to avoid doing something that you should do or that you said you would do
I said I’d meet him, but now I want to get out of it. Ruth always tries to get out of doing the washing up.

złapać w

size up
He sized up the situation and immediately decided what to do.
empezar lección
oceniać wielkość; to think carefully and form an opinion about a person or a situation

take in
I’m not sure how much of his explanation she took in.
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to understand and remember something that you hear or read

leaf through
She sat leafing through a newspaper, watching the door.
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to turn the pages of a book or a pile of papers quickly and without looking at them carefully

clear up
Obviously the misunderstanding will have to be cleared up. The case was never cleared up.
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rozjaśnić; to solve a problem or a mystery

harp on
Stop harping on about how ill you feel.
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ględzić, rozgadywać się; to keep talking or complaining about something in a way that makes people bored or annoyed

turn away from
Many shoppers turned away from products that were not environmentally friendly.
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to refuse to accept or to use something any longer

wear off
The numbness in his shoulder was starting to wear off. I got bored with the job once the novelty wore off.
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słabnąć; if something such as a pain, an emotion, or a feeling wears off, it gradually disappears

vouch for sth/sb
Are you willing to vouch for him?
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ręczyć za; to say that you believe that someone is good and will behave well in future

ward off
Sheila carried a knife to ward off attacks.
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fight off; to do something to prevent someone or something from harming you


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