9.1 CRIME; DEPENDENT PREPOSITIONS; SYNONYMS

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término English
definición English

A teenager has been accused of (1) after he was seen setting fire to an empty factory.
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A teenager has been accused of arson after he was seen setting fire to an empty factory.

He was jailed for five years for (2) into government computer systems.
to put someone in prison: He was jailed for tax evasion.
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He was jailed for five years for hacking into government computer systems.

There has be a reduction in (3) in stores after the introduction of more security guards.
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There has be a reduction in shoplifting in stores after the introduction of more security guards.

A man has been found guilty of (4) film star Halle Berry. He followed her everywhere.
having done something that is a crime OPP innocent guilty of The jury found her guilty of murder. He pleaded guilty to two charges of theft.
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A man has been found guilty of stalking film star Halle Berry. He followed her everywhere.

There has been several cases of (5) foreign journalists. In the latest case, a demand was made for $500,000.
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There has been several cases of kidnapping foreign journalists. In the latest case, a demand was made for $500,000.

(6) is a problem, with officials accepting money from companies that want to do business in the country.
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Bribery is a problem, with officials accepting money from companies that want to do business in the country.

There were no witnesses to the act of (7) in which a statue was damaged.
someone who sees an accident, crime etc and can say what happened witness to Police have appealed for witnesses to the accident.
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There were no witnesses to the act of vandalism in which a statue was damaged.

Police arrested three people for (8) dollars. More than a million fake $50 bills were found.
fake made to look or seem like something else in order to deceive people: fake $20 bills
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Police arrested three people for counterfeiting dollars. More than a million fake $50 bills were found.

Banks revealed that cases of (9) have doubled. Customers are warned to keep PIN numbers more secure.
PIN number (personal identification number) a number you use to take money from a machine using a plastic card
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Banks revealed that cases of identity theft have doubled. Customers are warned to keep PIN numbers more secure.

The increase in CCTV cameras has cut cases of late-night (10) in town centres.
CCTV (closed circuit television) a system of cameras and television, used in public places to protect people from crime
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The increase in CCTV cameras has cut cases of late-night mugging in town centres.

verb

arson
arsonist
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to commit arson

hacking
hacker
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to hack into something

shoplifting
shoplifter
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to shoplift

stalking
stalker
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to stalk

kidnapping
kidnapper
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to kidnap

to bribe

vandalism
vandal
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to vandalise

counterfeiting
counterfeiter
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to counterfeit

identity theft
thief
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to steal someone's identity

mugging
mugger
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to mug

FAKE POLICE OFFICER CHARGED (steal) £600 NECKLACE
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FAKE POLICE OFFICER CHARGED WITH STEALING £600 NECKLACE

Woman accuses con artist (take) bag and PIN
con artist a person who deceives other people by making them believe something false or making them give money away
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Woman accuses con artist of taking bag and PIN

Gang arrested (sell) one car nine times
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Gang arrested for selling one car nine times

FAKE POLICE OFFICER CHARGED WITH STEALING £600 NECKLACE
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A fake police officer has been charged with stealing a £600 necklace.
Passive

Woman accuses con artist of taking bag and PIN
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A woman has accused a con artist of taking her bag and PIN.
Active

Gang arrested for selling one car nine times
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A gang has been arrested for selling one car nine times.
Passive

Hacker suspected (access) government computers.
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Hacker suspected of accessing government computers.

Student apologises (cheat) in exam.
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Student apologises for cheating in exam.

President blames "greedy" banks (cause) crisis.
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President blames "greedy" banks for causing crisis.

Local girl dreams (become) top talent.
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Local girl dreams of becoming top talent.

Agency criticised (employ) size-zero models.
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Agency criticised for employing size-zero models.

Train company bans teenager (travel) for one year.
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Train company bans teenager from travelling for one year.

Mother thanks toddler (save) her life.
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Mother thanks toddler for saving her life.

Animal rights activists rescue lobster (be eat).
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Animal rights activists rescue lobster from be eaten.

Jury clears actress (murder) husband number three.
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Jury clears actress of murdering husband number three.

Dolphin saves swimmer (drown).
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Dolphin saves swimmer from drowning.

Innocent man mistaken (1) gang leader.
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Innocent man mistaken for gang leader.

Woman jailed for hiding robbers (2) police.
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Woman jailed for hiding robbers from police.

Couple punished (3) balloon hoax.
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Couple punished for balloon hoax.

Mugger caught after boasting (4) crimes in local bar
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Mugger caught after boasting about/of crimes in local bar

Jailed criminal prohibited (5) selling his story
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Jailed criminal prohibited from selling his story

Politician condemned (6) involvement in banking scandal
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Politician condemned for involvement in banking scandal

Murderess given strong sentence for joking (7) crime
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Murderess given strong sentence for joking about crime

Local teacher fired for participating (8) protest march
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Local teacher fired for participating in protest march

College president conceals financial woes (9) board of trustees
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College president conceals financial woes from board of trustees

Mother fined (10) baby unattended in car
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Mother fined for baby unattended in car

scam
But this is without doubt a scam which requires a European response
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a clever but dishonest way to get money
Mas este é, sem dúvida, um esquema fraudulento que requer uma resposta à escala europeia. embuste

act as if you're someone else
pretend to be asleep; pretend you didn't hear.
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pretend to be; pose as
pretend to be=behave as if sth is true

trick someone
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deceive; fool

cause somebody to not notice something
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distract; divert someone's attention (from sth)

take something quickly
She grabbed my arm when she heard the scream.
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snatch; grab
grab= take hold of sth suddenly

believe a trick
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be taken in (by); fall for

exchange one thing for another
He's switched jobs; She can switch from Italian to English easily. Let's swap phone numbers.
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switch (sth with sth); swap (sth for sth else)
switch=change from one thing to another; swap=exchange

Use synonims to improve your speaking and writing.
Yesterday was very nice. I had a nice meal at a nice restaurant with some nice people.
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you can: a) notice synonyms when you read; b) record them in your notebook; look up synonyms in a thesaurus or on the internet; d) use synonyms when writing to avoid repetition.
Yesterday was very pleasant. I had a good meal at an excellent restaurant with some lovely people.


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