Verbs with adverbs and prepositions

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término English
definición English

Verbs with adverbs (phrasal verbs)
empezar lección
A phrasal verb is a verb + adverb, e.g. go away.
vá embora

We went away for two weeks. We only came back yesterday.
these phrasal verbs have no object.
empezar lección
Sometimes the meaning of a phrasal verb is clear from of the verb and adverb, e.g. go away, come back.
come back = voltar

I'm sure I wrote down the address, but I think I threw away the piece of paper.
These phrasal verbs have an object, e.g. wrote down the address.
empezar lección
Sometimes the meaning of a phrasal verb is clear from of the verb and adverb, e.g. write down, throw away.
escrever; deitar fora

The plan didn't come off. I'm afraid it fell through.
These phrasal verbs have no object
empezar lección
Sometimes the verb + adverb has a special meaning, e.g. here come off, fall through.
come off = succeded; fall through = not succeded

Mr Gray doesn't want to give up smoking, but he's cutting down the number of cigarettes he smokes.
These phrasal verbs have an object
empezar lección
Sometimes the verb + adverb has a special meaning, e.g. give up, cut down.
give up = stop; cut down = reduce.

Some other examples of phrasal verbs:
empezar lección
call off, carry on, fall down, find out, get up, go away, make up, pick up, put down, put up, set off, sit down, take off, wash up, work out.

Phrasal verbs with an object
empezar lección
If the object of a phrasal verb is a noun, the adverb can come

the young people picked up the litter. A lorry took away all the bottles.
empezar lección
If the object of a phrasal verb is a noun, the adverb can come before the object

The young people picked the litter up. A lorry took all the bottles away.
empezar lección
If the object of a phrasal verb is a noun, the adverb can come after it

The young people picked up the litter left by the crowd. A lorry took away all the bottles they found.
empezar lección
If the object is long, then the adverb comes in front of it.
e.g. the litter left by the crowd.

What about the litter? The young people picked it up. Who took the bottles? A lorry took them away.
empezar lección
If the object is a pronoun, the adverb always comes after it.

Prepositional verbs
empezar lección
A prepositional verb is a verb + preposition, e.g. decide on.

We finally decided on a holiday in Morocco.
empezar lección
decided on

We had to wait for the plane.
empezar lección
wait for

Can I look at your photos?
empezar lección
look at

Some other examples of prepositional verbs:
empezar lección
agree with, arrive at, ask for, believe in, belong to, deal with, depend on, hope for, insist on, laugh at, listen to, look after, look for, pay for, send for, talk about.

We paid back the money. We paid the money back. The money was paid back.
If a phrasal verb has an object, the adverb can come before or after it. We normally stress the adverb.
empezar lección
Phrasal verb

Some examples of adverbs in phrasal verbs:
empezar lección
about, away, back, by, down, in, off, on, out, over, past, round, through, to, under, up.

We paid for the flat. The flat was paid for.
A prepositional verb always has an object. The object comes after the preposition. We do not normally stress the preposition.
empezar lección
prepositional verb

Some examples of prepositions in prepositional verbs:
empezar lección
about, after, at, for, from, in, into, like, of, off, on, to, with.

Phrasal-prepositional verbs
empezar lección
A phrasal-prepositional verb is a verb+ adverb + preposition, e.g. do away with.

I say we should do away with this unfair fax.
empezar lección
do away with

Let's hurry up and get on with the job.
empezar lección
get on with

I hope you won't go back on your promise now.
empezar lección
go back on

Don't let Mr Barnes in on our secret!
empezar lección
let ... in on

I'm really looking forward to our holiday.
empezar lección
looking forward to

Why do you put up with all this noise?
empezar lección
put up with

Watch out for cows in the road along here!
empezar lección
Watch out for


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