Słowa na D-8

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término definición
rozbrajać, demontować
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disarm /dɪsˈɑ: m; US / verb 1 [transitive] to take weapons away from sb The police caught and disarmed the terrorists. ▶ rozbrajać 2[intransitive] (used about a country) to reduce the number of weapons it has ▶ rozbrajać się demilitaryzować
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disarmament /dɪsˈɑ: məmənt; US / noun [uncountable] reducing the number of weapons that an army or a country has nuclear disarmament ▶ rozbrojenie
demontować, rozkładać na części
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2[transitive] to translate sth from computer code into a language that can be read by humans ▶ tłumaczyć język oprogramowania
disassemble /ˌdɪsəˈsembl; US / verb 1 [transitive] to take apart a machine or structure so that it is in separate pieces We had to completely disassemble the engine to find the problem. ▶ rozbierać (na części) demontować  OPPOSITE  assemble
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dissociate, disassociate
She dissociated herself from the views of the extremists in her party. He was determined to dissociate his firm from any involvement with the disgraced politician. ▶ oddzielać wyrzekać się związku z czymś odcinać się od czegoś
dɪˈsəʊʃieɪt dɪsəˈsəʊsieɪt verb [transitive] dissociate sb/sth/yourself (from sth) to show that you are not connected with or do not support sb/sth; to show that two things are not connected with each other
klęska, katastrofa
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2[countable, uncountable] a terrible situation or event Losing your job is unpleasant, but it’s not a disaster. This year’s lack of rain could spell disaster (oznacza kastastrofę) for many farmers. ▶ katastrofa nieszczęście
disaster /dɪˈzɑ: stə(r); US -ˈzæs- / noun 1[countable] an event that causes a lot of harm or damage earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters (klęski żywiołowe) ▶ klęska katastrofa
zaprzeczać, wypierać się
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□ disavowal /-ˈvaʊəl; US / noun [countable, uncountable] ▶ zaprzeczenie (np. pogłoskom) wyparcie się
disavow /ˌdɪsəˈvaʊ; US / verb [tran.] (formal) to state publicly that you have no knowledge of sth or that you are not responsible for sth/sb They disavowed claims of a split in the party. ▶ zaprzeczać (np. pogłoskom) wypierać się
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disband /dɪsˈbænd; US / verb [intransitive, transitive] to stop existing as a group; to separate ▶ rozwiązywać (się)
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disbelief /ˌdɪsbɪˈli: f; US / noun [uncountable] the feeling of not believing sb/sth ‘ It can’t be true!’ he shouted in disbelief. ▶ niedowierzanie
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disbelieve /ˌdɪsbɪˈli: v; US / verb [transitive] to think that sth is not true or that sb is not telling the truth I have no reason to disbelieve her. ▶ nie wierzyć nie dowierzać  OPPOSITE  believe
krążek, tarcza
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disc (US disk) /dɪsk; US / noun [countable] 1 a round flat object He wears an identity disc around his neck. ▶ krążek tarcza 2= disk (1) 3 one of the pieces of cartilage between the bones in your back a slipped disc wypadnięty dysk ▶ dysk
wyrzucać, wyzbywać się
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discard /dɪsˈkɑ: d; US / verb [transitive] (formal) to throw sth away because it is not useful ▶ wyrzucać wyzbywać się
wypisywać, zwalniać
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2 to send sth out (a liquid, gas, etc.) Smoke and fumes are discharged from the factory. ▶ wypuszczać wydzielać emitować
discharge1 /dɪsˈtʃɑ: dʒ; US / verb [transitive] 1 to allow sb officially to leave; to send sb away to discharge somebody from hospital ▶ wypisywać zwalniać
wyciek, wypuszczanie
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2 the act of sending sth out The discharge of oil from the leaking tanker could not be prevented. ▶ wyciek (płynu) wypuszczanie 3 the act of sending sb away The wounded soldier was given a medical discharge ▶ wypisanie (np. ze szpitala) zwolnienie
discharge2 /ˈdɪstʃɑ: dʒ; US / noun [countable, uncountable] 1 a substance that has come out of somewhere yellowish discharge from a wound ▶ wydzielina wyciek
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disciplinary /ˈdɪsəplɪnəri; ˌdɪsəˈplɪnəri; US -pləneri / adj. connected with punishment for breaking rules ▶ dyscyplinarny
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2[uncountable] the practice of training your mind and body so that you control your actions and obey rules; It takes a lot of self-discipline to study for three hours a day. Having to get up early every day is good discipline for a child. ▶ dyscyplina
discipline1 /ˈdɪsəplɪn; US / noun 1 [uncountable] the practice of training people to obey rules and behave well A good teacher must be able to maintain discipline in the classroom. ▶ dyscyplina
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2 to punish sb ▶ karać
discipline2 /ˈdɪsəplɪn; US / verb [transitive] 1 to train sb to obey and to behave in a controlled way You should discipline yourself to practise the piano every morning. ▶ wyrabiać w kimś posłuszeństwo, charakter itp. kształcić (np. charakter)
wypierać się, zaprzeczać
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disclaim /dɪsˈkleɪm; US / verb [transitive] to say that you do not have sth to disclaim responsibility/knowledge ▶ wypierać się zaprzeczać  SYNONYM  deny
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disclose /dɪsˈkləʊz; US / verb [transitive] (formal) to tell sth to sb or to make sth known publicly The newspapers did not disclose the victim’s name. ▶ ujawniać podawać do (publicznej) wiadomości  SYNONYM  reveal
ujawnienie faktów
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disclosure /dɪsˈkləʊʒə(r); US / noun [countable, uncountable] making sth known; the facts that are made known the disclosure of secret information He resigned following disclosures about his private life. ▶ ujawnienie faktów ujawnione fakty
odbarwiać się
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discolour (US discolor) /dɪsˈkʌlə(r); US / verb [intransitive, transitive] to change or to make sth change colour (often by the effect of light, age or dirt) ▶ odbarwiać (się) przebarwiać (się) żółknąć (od tytoniu, ze starości)
niepokój, skrępowanie
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3[countable] something that makes you feel uncomfortable or that causes a slight feeling of pain The beauty of the scenery made up for the discomforts of the journey. ▶ niewygoda
noun 1 [uncoun] a slight feeling of pain There may be some discomfort after the operation. ▶ (lekki) ból 2[uncountable] a feeling of embarrassment I could sense John’s discomfort when I asked him about his job. ▶ niepokój skrępowanie
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2 to separate sth from sth The brake doesn’t work because the cable has become disconnected from the lever. ▶ odłączać odcinać
disconnect /ˌdɪskəˈnekt; US / verb [transitive] 1 to stop a supply of water, gas or electricity going to a piece of equipment or a building If you don’t pay your gas bill, your supply will be disconnected. ▶ wyłączać
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discontent /ˌdɪskənˈtent; US / (also discontentment /ˌdɪskənˈtentmənt; US /) noun [uncountable] the state of being unhappy with sth The management could sense growing discontent among the staff. ▶ niezadowolenie rozczarowanie
niezadowolony, rozgoryczony
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□ discontentedly /; US / adv. ▶ z niezadowoleniem
discontented /ˌdɪskənˈtentɪd; US / adj. discontented (with sth) unhappy because you are not satisfied with your situation He felt discontented with the way his life had turned out. discontented party members ▶ niezadowolony rozgoryczony
przerywać, zaprzestawać
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discontinue /ˌdɪskənˈtɪnju:; US / verb [transitive] (formal) to stop sth or stop producing sth ▶ przerywać zaprzestawać (np. produkcji czegoś)
dysonans, rozdźwięk
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discord /ˈdɪskɔ: d; US / noun 1 [uncountable] (formal) disagreement or argument ▶ rozdźwięk niezgoda 2[countable] two or more musical notes that do not sound pleasant when they are played together ▶ dysonans
zniżka, rabat
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discount, rebate
discount1 /ˈdɪskaʊnt; US / noun [countable, uncountable] a lower price than usual Staff get 20% discount on all goods. Do you give a discount for cash? ▶ zniżka rabat  SYNONYM  reduction
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discount2 /dɪsˈkaʊnt; US / verb [transitive] to consider sth not true or not important I think we can discount that idea. It’s just not practical. ▶ pomijać nie brać w rachubę
zniechęcać, odradzać
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discourage, discourage
□ discouraged /; US / adj. After failing the exam again Paul felt very discouraged. ▶ zniechęcony zrezygnowany —discouraging /; US / adj. Constant criticism can be very discouraging. ▶ zniechęcający deprymujący
discourage /dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ; US -ˈkɜ: r- / verb [transitive] discourage sb (from doing sth) I tried to discourage Jake from giving up his job. Don’t let these little problems discourage you. ▶ zniechęcać odradzać komuś (coś)  OPPOSITE  encourage
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to discover
2 to find or learn sth without expecting to or that sb does not want you to find I think I’ve discovered why the computer won’t print out... □ discoverer /; US / noun [countable] Parkinson’s disease was named after its discoverer. ▶ odkryw-ca/czyni
discover /dɪˈskʌvə(r); US / verb [transitive] 1 to find or learn sth that nobody had found or knew before Who discovered the lost city of Machu Picchu? ▶ odkrywać wynaleźć
odkrycie, wynalazek
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2[countable] something that has been found scientific discoveries ▶ odkrycie wynalazek osiągnięcie
discovery /dɪˈskʌvəri / noun (pl. discoveries) 1[uncountable] the act of finding sth The discovery of X-rays changed the history of medicine. The discovery of fingerprints in the car helped the police to find the thief. ▶ odkrycie znalezienie
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□ discredit noun [uncountable] The government, to its discredit, tried to keep the mistake secret. ▶ zdyskredytowanie kompromitacja
discredit /dɪsˈkredɪt; US / verb [transitive] to make people stop respecting or believing sb/sth Journalists are trying to discredit the President by inventing stories about his love life. ▶ dyskredytować kompromitować
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□ discreetly /; US / adv. Paul handed me the money discreetly in a brown envelope. ▶ dyskretnie
discreet /dɪˈskri: t; US / adj. careful in what you say and do so as not to cause embarrassment or difficulty for sb I don’t want anyone to find out about this, so please be discreet. ▶ dyskretny  OPPOSITE  indiscreet ⇨ noun discretion
rozbieżność, niezgodność
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discrepancy /dɪsˈkrepənsi; US / noun [countable, uncountable] (pl. discrepancies) a difference between two things that should be the same Something is wrong here. There is a discrepancy between these two sets of figures. ▶ rozbieżność sprzeczność
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2 care in what you say and do so as not to cause embarrassment or difficulty for sb This is confidential but I know I can rely on your discretion. ▶ dyskrecja
discretion /dɪˈskreʃn; US / noun [uncountable] 1 the freedom and power to make decisions by yourself You must decide what is best. Use your discretion (postępuj według swojego uznania).
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2(formal) the state of being able to see a difference between two people or things discrimination between right and wrong umiejętność rozróżnienia między dobrem a złem ▶ rozeznanie
discrimination /dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃn; US / noun [uncountable] 1discrimination (against sb) treating one person or group worse than others sexual/racial/religious discrimination Discrimination against disabled people is illegal. ▶ dyskryminacja kogoś
rzut dyskiem
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discus throw
discus /ˈdɪskəs; US / noun 1 [countable] a heavy round flat object that is thrown as a sport ▶ dysk 2 (the discus) [sing.] the sport or event of throwing a discus as far as possible ▶ rzut dyskiem
dyskutować, omawiać
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We are discussing the possibility of starting our own business. The article discusses the need for a change in the law. ▶ dyskutować omawiać
discuss /dɪˈskʌs; US / verb [transitive] discuss sth (with sb) to talk or write about sth seriously or formally I must discuss the matter with my parents before I make a decision.
dyskusja, rozmowa
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discussion /dɪˈskʌʃn; US / noun [countable, uncountable] the process of talking about sth seriously or deeply After much discussion we all agreed to share the cost. Discussions are taking place between the two governments. ▶ dyskusja rozmowa
Może być ona wywołana przez bakterie, wirusy itp.; często bywa zakaźna. Illness odnosi się do bardziej ogólnych dolegliwości, do bycia chorym w ogóle oraz do okresu czasu, kiedy ktoś nie czuje się dobrze.
Illness i disease mają podobne znaczenie. Disease częściej używa się w odniesieniu do konkretnej choroby, charakteryzującej się określonymi objawami.
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Rats and flies spread disease. Smoking causes heart disease. ▶ choroba □ diseased /; US / adj. His diseased kidney had to be removed. ▶ chory ⇨ note at ill
disease /dɪˈzi: z; US / noun [countable, uncountable] an illness of the body in humans, animals or plants an infectious/contagious disease These children suffer from a rare disease. Many diseases can be prevented by vaccination.
rozczarowany, rozczarowanie
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□ disenchantment /; US / noun [uncountable] There is increasing disenchantment among voters with the government’s policies. ▶ rozczarowanie
disenchanted /ˌdɪsɪnˈtʃɑ: ntɪd; US -ˈtʃænt- / adj. having lost your good opinion of sb/sth Fans are already becoming disenchanted with the new team manager. ▶ rozczarowany
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disfigure /dɪsˈfɪɡə(r); US -ɡjər / verb [transitive] to spoil the appearance of sb/sth His face was permanently disfigured by the fire. ▶ zniekształcać
wstyd, skandal
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2[sing.] a disgrace (to sb/sth) a person or thing that gives a very bad impression and makes you feel sorry and embarrassed The streets are covered in litter. It’s a disgrace! Teachers who hit children are a disgrace to their profession. skandal wstyd
disgrace1 /dɪsˈɡreɪs/ noun 1 [uncoun.] the state of not being respected by other people, usually because you have behaved badly She left the company in disgrace after admitting stealing from colleagues. ▶ wstyd ujma
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The disgraced (skompromitowany) former leader now works as a cleaner. ▶ kompromitować (się)
disgrace2 /dɪsˈɡreɪs; US / verb [transitive] to behave badly in a way that makes you or other people feel sorry and embarrassed My brother disgraced himself by starting a fight at the wedding.
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□ disgracefully /-fəli; US / adv. She felt she had been treated disgracefully by her employers. ▶ skandalicznie kompromitująco
disgraceful /dɪsˈɡreɪsfl; US / adj. very bad, making other people feel sorry and embarrassed The behaviour of the team’s fans was absolutely disgraceful. ▶ skandaliczny kompromitujący
maskować, przebierać
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to disguise your voice • (figurative) His smile disguised his anger. ▶ przebierać (za kogoś/coś) zmieniać (np. głos, charakter pisma) maskować
disguise1 /dɪsˈɡaɪz; US / verb [transitive] disguise sb/sth (as sb/sth) to change the appearance, sound, etc. of sb/sth so that people cannot recognize them or it They disguised themselves as fishermen and escaped in a boat.
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The robbers were wearing heavy disguises so that they could not be identified. ▶ przebranie
disguise2 /dɪsˈɡaɪz; US / noun [countable, uncountable] a thing that you wear or use to change your appearance so that nobody recognizes you She is so famous that she has to go shopping in disguise.
wstręt, obrzydzenie
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She felt disgust at the state of the filthy room. Much to my disgust, I found a hair in my soup. The film was so bad that we walked out in disgust (wyszliśmy zdegustowani). ▶ wstręt oburzenie
disgust1 /dɪsˈɡʌst; US / noun [uncountable] disgust (at sth) ⇨ POSŁUCHAJ NAGRAŃ PRZYKŁADÓW a strong feeling of not liking or approving of sth/sb that you feel is unacceptable, or sth/sb that looks, smells, etc. unpleasant
oburzać, napawać wstrętem
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2 to make sb feel sick The way he eats with his mouth open completely disgusts me (sprawia, że robi mi się niedobrze). ▶ napawać wstrętem
disgust2 /dɪsˈɡʌst; US / verb [transitive] ⇨ POSŁUCHAJ NAGRAŃ PRZYKŁADÓW 1 to cause a strong feeling of not liking or approving of sb/sth Cruelty towards animals absolutely disgusts me. ▶ oburzać
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disgusted /dɪsˈɡʌstɪd; US / adj. disgusted (at/with sb/sth) not liking or approving of sb/sth at all We were disgusted at the standard of service we received. ▶ oburzony
ohydny, wstrętny
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disgusting /dɪsˈɡʌstɪŋ; US / adj. ⇨very unpleasant What a disgusting smell! ▶ ohydny odrażający wstrętny
półmisek, danie
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dish, dish
3 [countable] a type of food prepared in a particular way The main dish (na główne danie) was curry. It was served with a selection of side dishes (zestaw przystawek). Paella is a typical Spanish dish, made with rice and shellfish. ▶ danie
dish1 /dɪʃ; US / noun 1 [countable] a round container for food that is deeper than a plate Is this dish ovenproof? ▶ półmisek talerz 2 (the dishes) [pl.] all the plates, cups, etc. that you use during a meal. ▶ naczynia
ścierka do mycia naczyń
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dishcloth /ˈdiʃklɔ:ɵ; US / (US dishrag /ˈdɪʃræɡ; US /) noun [countable] a cloth for washing dishes ▶ ścierka do mycia naczyń
nieuczciwy, nieuczciwie
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dishonest, dishonest
dishonest /dɪsˈɒnɪst; US / adj. that you cannot trust; likely to lie, steal or cheat ▶ nieuczciwy  OPPOSITE  honest □ dishonestly /; US / adv. ▶ nieuczciwie —dishonesty /; US / noun [uncountable] ▶ nieuczciwość oszustwo
hańba, wstyd
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dishonour1 (US dishonor) /dɪsˈɒnə(r); US / noun [uncountable, sing.] (formal) the state of no longer being respected, especially because you have done sth bad Her illegal trading has brought dishonour on the company. ▶ hańba  OPPOSITE  honour
okrywać hańbą
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dishonour2 (US dishonor) /dɪsˈɒnə(r); US / verb [transitive] (formal) to do sth bad that makes people stop respecting you or sb/sth close to you ▶ okrywać hańbą
zmywarka do naczyć
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a dishwasher
dishwasher /ˈdɪʃwɒʃə(r); US; / noun [countable] a machine that washes plates, cups, knives, forks, etc. ▶ zmywarka do naczyń
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□ disillusion (also disillusionment /ˌdɪsɪˈlu:ʒnmənt; US /) noun [uncountable] I feel increasing disillusion with the government. ▶ rozczarowanie
disillusion /ˌdɪsɪˈlu:ʒn; US / verb [transitive] to destroy sb’s belief in or good opinion of sb/sth ▶ rozczarowywać
środek zniechęcający
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disincentive /ˌdɪsɪnˈsentɪv; US / noun [countable] a thing that makes sb less willing to do sth A low starting salary acts as a strong disincentive to getting back to work for the unemployed. ▶ czynnik/środek zniechęcający
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disinfect /ˌdɪsɪnˈfekt; US / verb [transitive] to clean sth with a liquid that destroys bacteria to disinfect a toilet to disinfect a wound ▶ dezynfekować odkażać □ disinfection /; US / noun [uncountable] ▶ dezynfekcja
środek odkażający
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disinfectant /ˌdɪsɪnˈfektənt; US / noun [countable, uncountable] a substance that destroys bacteria and is used for cleaning ▶ środek dezynfekujący/odkażający
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disinherit /ˌdɪsɪnˈherɪt; US / verb [transitive] to prevent sb, especially your son or daughter, from receiving your money or property after your death ▶ wydziedziczać ⇨ look at inherit
rozpadać, rozlatywać
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□ disintegration /dɪsˌɪntɪˈɡreɪʃn; US / noun [uncountable] the gradual disintegration of traditional values ▶ rozpad rozkład
disintegrate /dɪsˈɪntɪɡreɪt; US / verb [intransitive] to break into many small pieces The spacecraft exploded and disintegrated. ▶ rozpadać się rozlatywać się
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disinterested /dɪsˈɪntrəstɪd; US / adj. fair, not influenced by personal feelings disinterested advice ▶ bezinteresowny bezstronny obiektywny Por. uninterested, które ma inne znaczenie.
bez związku
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□ disjointedly /; US / adv. ▶ bez związku bez powiązania chaotycznie
disjointed /dɪsˈdʒɔɪntɪd; US / adj. (used especially about ideas, writing or speech) not clearly connected and therefore difficult to follow ▶ bez związku nie powiązany chaotyczny
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disk /dɪsk; US / noun [countable] 1 (especially US) = disc 2 a flat piece of plastic that stores information for use by a computer ▶ dysk dyskietka ⇨ note at computer ⇨ look at floppy disk, hard disk
stacja dysków
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disk drive
ˈdisk drive noun [countable] a piece of electrical equipment that passes information to or from a computer disk ▶ stacja dysków
nie lubić
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to dislike
dislike Dislike to formalny wyraz, dlatego w zwykłych rozmowach raczej używamy don’t like: I don’t like (doing) sport. Można też powiedzieć: I don’t spend much time doing sport. • I’m not very keen on (doing) sport. •
dislike1 /dɪsˈlaɪk; US / verb [transitive] (formal) dislike (doing) sth to not like sb/sth I really dislike flying. What is it that you dislike about living here? ▶ nie lubić czuć niechęć do
niechęć, awersja
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dislike2 /dɪsˈlaɪk; US / noun [uncountable, sing.] (a) dislike (of/for sb/sth) the feeling of not liking sb/sth She couldn’t hide her dislike for him. He seems to have a strong dislike of hard work. ▶ niechęć awersja
zwichnąć, zwichnięcie
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□ dislocation /ˌdɪsləˈkeɪʃn; US -ləʊ- / noun [countable, uncountable] ▶ zwichnięcie przemieszczenie
dislocate /ˈdɪsləkeɪt; US -ləʊk- dɪsˈləʊ- / verb [transitive] to put sth (usually a bone) out of its correct position He dislocated his shoulder during the game. ▶ zwichnąć przemieszczać
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□ disloyalty /-ˈlɔɪəlti; US / noun [countable, uncountable] (pl. disloyalties) ▶ nielojalność niewierność
disloyal /dɪsˈlɔɪəl; US / adj. disloyal (to sb/sth) not supporting your friends, family, country, etc.; doing sth that will harm them It was disloyal to your friends to repeat their conversation to Peter. ▶ nielojalny niewierny  OPPOSITE  loyal
rozbierać, demontować
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dismantle /dɪsˈmæntl; US / verb [transitive] to take sth to pieces; to separate sth into the parts it is made from The photographer dismantled his equipment and packed it away. ▶ rozkładać na części rozbierać demontować
przerażenie, konsternacja
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□ dismay verb [transitive] Their reaction dismayed him. ▶ przerażać konsternować —dismayed /; US / adj. dismayed (at/by sth); dismayed to find, hear, see, etc. I was dismayed to find that the train had already left. ▶ przerażony czymś
dismay /dɪsˈmeɪ; US / noun [uncountable] a strong feeling of disappointment and sadness I realized to my dismay that I was going to miss the plane. ▶ przerażenie konsternacja
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dismember /dɪsˈmembə(r); US / verb [transitive] to cut a dead body into pieces ▶ rozczłonkowywać rozrywać na części
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▶ odsuwać od siebie uznać za nieważne odrzucać 2dismiss sb (from sth) to order an employee to leave his or her job He was dismissed for refusing to obey orders. ▶ zwalniać odprawiać (pracownika)
dismiss /dɪsˈmɪs; US / verb [transitive] 1dismiss sb/sth (as sth) to decide not to think about sth/sb He dismissed the idea as nonsense. Uznał ten pomysł za bzdurę. She decided to dismiss her worries from her mind.
zwolnienie, odrzucenie
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2[uncountable] refusing to consider sb/sth seriously She was hurt at their dismissal of her offer of help. ▶ odrzucenie
dismissal /dɪsˈmɪsl; US / noun 1 [countable, uncountable] ordering sb or being ordered to leave a job a case of unfair dismissal ▶ zwolnienie (pracownika)
lekceważący, pogardliwy
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□ dismissively /; US / adv. ▶ lekceważąco pogardliwie
dismissive /dɪsˈmɪsɪv; US / adj. dismissive (of sb/sth) saying or showing that you think that sb/sth is not worth considering seriously The boss was dismissive of all the efforts I had made. ▶ lekceważący pogardliwy
nieposłuszny, oporny
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disobedient /ˌdɪsəˈbi: diənt; US / adj. refusing or failing to obey ▶ nieposłuszny oporny  OPPOSITE  obedient □ disobedience /; US / noun [uncountable] ▶ nieposłuszeństwo
sprzeciwiać się,
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disobey /ˌdɪsəˈbeɪ; US / verb [intransitive, transitive] to refuse to do what you are told to do He was punished for disobeying orders. ▶ sprzeciwiać się nie słuchać  OPPOSITE  obey
nieład, zamieszki
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2[uncountable] violent behaviour by a large number of people Disorder broke out on the streets of the capital. ▶ rozruchy zamieszki
disorder /dɪsˈɔ: də(r); US / noun 1 [uncountable] an untidy, confused or badly organized state His financial affairs are in complete disorder. ▶ nieład nieporządek bałagan  OPPOSITE  order
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disordered /dɪsˈɔ: dəd; US / adj. untidy, confused or badly organized ▶ w nieładzie zaburzony
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disorganization (also disorganisation) /dɪsˌɔ:ɡənaɪˈzeɪʃn; US -nəˈz- / noun [uncountable] a lack of careful planning and order ▶ dezorganizacja nieład  OPPOSITE  organization
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disorganized (also disorganised) /dɪsˈɔ:ɡənaɪzd; US / adj. badly planned; not able to plan well ▶ zdezorganizowany chaotyczny  OPPOSITE  organized
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□ disorientation /dɪsˌɔ: riənˈteɪʃn; US / noun [uncountable] ▶ dezorientacja
disorientate /dɪsˈɔ: riənteɪt; US / (especially US disorient /dɪsˈɔ: rient; US /) verb [transitive] to make sb become confused about where they are The road signs were very confusing and I soon became disorientated. ▶ dezorientować
wypierać się
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disown /dɪsˈəʊn; US / verb [transitive] to say that you no longer want to be connected with or responsible for sb/sth When he was arrested, his family disowned him. ▶ wypierać się wyrzekać się
trzeżwy, obiektywny
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□ dispassionately /; US / adv. The case needs to be examined dispassionately at a public inquiry. ▶ trzeźwo obiektywnie
dispassionate /dɪsˈpæʃənət; US / adj. not influenced by emotion taking a calm, dispassionate view of the situation a dispassionate observer ▶ trzeźwy obiektywny Wyraża aprobatę.
wysyłać, ekspediować
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dispatch (Brit. also despatch) /dɪˈspætʃ; US / verb [transitive] (formal) to send sb/sth to a place Your order will be dispatched within 7 days. ▶ wysyłać ekspediować
rozwiewać, rozpraszać
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dispel /dɪˈspel; US / verb [transitive] (dispelling; dispelled) to make sth, especially a feeling or a belief, disappear His reassuring words dispelled all her fears. ▶ rozwiewać (np. obawy) rozpraszać
zbędny, niekonieczny
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dispensable /dɪˈspensəbl; US / adj. not necessary I suppose I’m dispensable. Anybody could do my job. ▶ zbędny niekonieczny  OPPOSITE  indispensable
wydawać, rozdawać
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 PHRASAL VERB  dispense with sb/sth to get rid of sb/sth that is not necessary They decided to dispense with luxuries and live a simple life. ▶ obywać się bez kogoś/czegoś pozbywać się kogoś/czegoś
dispense /dɪˈspens; US / verb 1 [transitive] (formal) to give or provide people with sth a machine that dispenses hot and cold drinks ▶ wydawać rozdawać 2 to prepare and give out medicines in a chemist’s shop ▶ sporządzać (lekarstwa)
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dispenser /dɪˈspensə(r); US / noun [countable] a machine or container from which you can get sth a soap dispenser a cash dispenser at a bank bankomat ▶ automat
rozpraszać się, rozchodzić się
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□ dispersal /dɪˈspɜ: sl; US / noun [uncountable] (formal) police trained in crowd dispersal the dispersal of seeds rozsiewanie ziarna ▶ rozproszenie
disperse /dɪˈspɜ: s; US / verb [intran, trans] to separate and go in different directions; to make sb/sth do this the group dispersed. The police arrived and quickly dispersed the crowd. ▶ rozpraszać (się) rozchodzić się rozpędzać
wypierać, wysiedlać
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displace, displace
2 to force sb/sth to move from the usual or correct place refugees displaced by the war ▶ wysiedlać przemieszczać
displace /dɪsˈpleɪs; US / verb [transitive] 1 to remove and take the place of sb/sth She hoped to displace Seles as the top tennis player in the world. ▶ zajmować czyjeś/czegoś miejsce wypierać
wysiedlenie, przeniesienie
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displacement, relocation
displacement /dɪsˈpleɪsmənt; US / noun (formal) [uncountable] the act ofdisplacing sb/sth; the process of beingdisplaced the largest displacement of civilian population since World War Two ▶ wysiedlenie (ludności) przeniesienie
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2 to show signs of sth (for example a feeling or a quality) She displayed no interest in the discussion. ▶ okazywać
display1 /dɪˈspleɪ; US / verb [transitive] 1 to put sth in a place where people will see it or where it will attract attention Posters for the concert were displayed (były wywieszone) throughout the city. ▶ wystawiać na pokaz
pokaz, wystawa
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3 behaviour that shows a particular feeling or quality a sudden display of aggression ▶ demonstrowanie manifestowanie (uczuć)
display2 /dɪˈspleɪ; US / noun [countable] 1 an arrangement of things in a public place for people to see a window display in a shop ▶ wystawa 2 a public event in which sth is shown in action a firework display ▶ pokaz popis
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displeasure /dɪsˈpleʒə(r); US / noun [uncountable] (formal) the feeling of being annoyed or not satisfied I wrote to express my displeasure at not having been informed sooner. ▶ niezadowolenie irytacja
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disposable /dɪˈspəʊzəbl; US / adj. made to be thrown away after being used once or for a short time a disposable razor ▶ do jednorazowego użytku jednorazowy
usunięcie, pozbycie się
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disposal /dɪˈspəʊzl; US / noun [uncountable] the act of getting rid of sth or throwing sth away the disposal of dangerous chemical waste bomb disposal unieszkodliwianie i usuwanie wybuchów ▶ usunięcie pozbycie się
usposobienie, skłonność
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disposition /ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃn; US / noun [countable, usually sing.] the natural qualities of sb’s character or the way they usually behave to have a cheerful disposition people of a nervous disposition ▶ usposobienie skłonność  SYNONYM  temperament
wywłaszczać kogoś
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dispossess /ˌdɪspəˈzes; US / verb [transitive, usually passive] ~ sb (of sth) (formal) to take sb’s property, land or house away from them ▶ wywłaszczać kogoś (z czegoś) □ dispossession /ˌdɪspəˈzeʃn; US / noun [uncountable] ▶ wywłaszczenie

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