9.1 -ing form and infinitive

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término English
definición English

He remembered to turn off the lights.
remember
empezar lección
for things you plan, want or have responsibility to do
+infinitive with to

I'll never forget visiting Paris.
forget
empezar lección
have a memory of an earlier action
+ - ing form

Angus tried to change his ticket but it was impossible.
try
empezar lección
attempt to do something difficult
+infinitive with to

Try clicking an OK in the box.
try
empezar lección
experiment to see if something will work
+ -ing form

We stopped to have some lunch.
stop
empezar lección
stop one action in order to do another (infinitive of purpose)
+infinitive with to

My father stopped driving when he was eighty.
stop
empezar lección
finish an action or activity
+ -ing form

She started by defining obesity and went on to talk about its causes.
go on
empezar lección
for a change of activity
+infinitive with to

Joe went on working although he wasn't well.
go on
empezar lección
continue
+ -ing form

BA regrets to announce a delay of flight BA5276.
regret
empezar lección
be sorry about something you are about to say
+infinitive with to

We regretted going to the party. It was awful.
regret
empezar lección
be sorry about something you did before
+-ing form

I hate writing/to write by hand. I much prefer using/to use a computer.
empezar lección
Verbs followed by the -ing form or infinitive with to with no difference in meaning
These include: like, love, hate, prefer, can't stand, can't bear, start, begin

I like to go to the dentist twice a year. I hate to interrupt, but we have to go.
empezar lección
In American English, the infinitive with to is often preferred. In British English, this is often used to talk about choices and habits.

I prefer not to write by hand.
empezar lección
If the verb after prefer is in the negative, use the infinitive with to.

They're beginning to annoy me.
empezar lección
When we use the verbs begin, continue and start in continuous forms we usually use the infinitive with to.

remember doing
empezar lección
have a memory of something
I remember thinking the building was quiet.

remember to do
empezar lección
do something that is one's responsibility
I remember to set the alarm before I left.

forget doing
empezar lección
not have a memory of something
I'll never forget seeing Adele in concert.

forget to do
empezar lección
no to do something that is one's responsability
I forgot to buy tickets for the Adele concert.

finish an action
Then he stopped driving as he still felt tired.

finish an action in order to do something else
Henri stopped to drink some coffee.

go on doing
empezar lección
continue an action
Billy went on practising every day even when he was famous.

go on to do
empezar lección
do something after
After lengthy training, Billy went on to become a famous dancer.

experiment with an activity
He tried going through the alphabet to remember it.

make an effort to do something difficult
He tried to recall her name, but couldn't.

regret doing
empezar lección
be sorry about something you did in the past
And I regret spending so much on the ticket!

regret to do
empezar lección
be sorry about something you are about to do
We regret to inform you that the concert has been cancelled.

I tried drinking the medicine
but it didn't help
empezar lección
I tried drinking the medicine but it didn't help.
experiment with an activity

I tried to drink the medicine
but I couldn't - it was too disgusting.
empezar lección
I tried to drink the medicine but I couldn't - it was too disgusting.
make an effort to do something difficult

He stopped to smoke
a cigarette before continuing.
empezar lección
He stopped to smoke a cigarette before continuing.
finish an action in order to do something else

He stopped smoking
because he wanted to get fitter.
empezar lección
He stopped smoking because he wanted to get fitter.
finish an action; healthy and strong, especially because you exercise regularly OPP unfit

Julia remembers to text me
whenever she needs a lift from the station.
empezar lección
Julia remembers to text me whenever she needs a lift from the station.
do something that is one's responsibility

Julia remembers texting me
but I didn't get any messages from her.
empezar lección
Julia remembers texting me but I didn't get any messages from her.
have a memory of something

Xavier went on to perform
in all of the best opera houses in the world.
empezar lección
Xavier went on to perform in all of the best opera houses in the world.
do something after

Xavier went on performing
even though audiences became smaller and smaller.
empezar lección
Xavier went on performing even though audiences became smaller and smaller.
continue an action

We regret saying
that the Games would be a failure.
empezar lección
We regret saying that the Games would be a failure.
be sorry about something you did in the past

We regret to say
that the car won't be ready till Monday.
empezar lección
We regret to say that the car won't be ready till Monday.
be sorry about something you are about to do


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