4.2 future forms

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término English
definición English

When talking about the future, the choice of form is often flexible and depends on what the speaker wants to express.
empezar lección
plans, intentions and decisions; predictions; future facts.

to talk about general plans, arrangements and intentions about the future
I'm going to look for a job in New York.
empezar lección
use: be going to + infinitive

when a plan or intention is not definite
We might go away for the weekend.
empezar lección
use: might/could/may + infinitive

to talk about definite arrangements or plans.
What are you doing today? I'm having lunch with Mitsuko.
empezar lección
Use: the present continuous

for intentions and plans:
Pete's hoping to go to university next year. Are you thinking of leaving the company?
empezar lección
The following phrases can also be used: planning to/hoping to + infinitive, thinking of + -ing

to talk about decisions made at the moment of speaking
I'm tired. I think I'll go to bed now.
empezar lección
use: will ('ll in spoken English). This is often used with "I think".

to make predictions based on opinion
I expect Sara will agree. I'm sure everything will be fine.
empezar lección
Use: will/might/could/won't + infinitive. Use with verbs such as think, hope, expect, know, guess, be sure or adverbs such as maybe, perhaps.

to say how certain you are
Jodie and Al will probably get divorced soon. You definitely won't get a ticket now. (Note the word order with won't.)
empezar lección
use: will + definitely/certainly/possibly/probably.

for strong possibility
She's likely to be tired after the journey.
empezar lección
use: be likely to + infinitive

for something that is expected or scheduled to happen
Meg is due to retire next year.
empezar lección
use: be due to + infinitive

to make a prediction based on present evidence
Look at those clouds. It's going to rain. Lisa's going to have a baby.
empezar lección
use: going to

to talk about schedules, timetables and itineraries
The course starts in September. We leave at 6a.m.
empezar lección
use: the present simple

for future facts
Your dry-cleaning will be ready tomorrow. I'll be 28 next year.
empezar lección
use: will + infinitive

intentions and plans

for definite arrangements
Rule 1: The taxi's picking me up at seven tomorrow.
empezar lección
use the present continuous

for a general intention
Rule 2: Actually, I don't think is going to be too hard. I'm going to look for a new job, with more money.
empezar lección
use be going to/be planning to/be hoping to + infinitive

for a decision made at the moment of speaking
Rule 3: Actually, I don't think it'll be too hard. I'll just check the latest information on the computer.
empezar lección
use will ('ll) + infinitive

for an intention that is not certain
Rule 4: I might go back next summer.
empezar lección
use might/could + infinitive

Predictions

for general predictions
Rule 5: Actually, I don't think it'll be too hard.
empezar lección
use will ('ll)/won't + infinitive (often with adverbs such as definitely/possibly)

when something is expected or scheduled to happen
Rule 6: The taxi's due to pick me up at seven tomorrow. The plane is due to arrive at 10:30 at the earliest.
empezar lección
use be due to

for a prediction that is probable
Rule 7: Actually, I don't think it is likely to be too hard. Apparently there is likely to be some building work on the house. And it's likely to be later than that.
empezar lección
use be likely/unlikely to

for a prediction that is not certain
Rule 8: I'm not really, but apparently there might be some building work on the house. The plane might arrive at 10:30 at the earliest. I might go back next summer.
empezar lección
use might/could + infinitive


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