4. Free Time; Positive Adjectives; Uncountable and plural nouns; Abilities.

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término English
definición English

What's the literal (or basic) meaning of the words in the box?
empezar lección
wind up; switch off; focus on; recharge; chill.

Which can be used with
a drink, a phone, an old clock or someone's face?
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a drink - chill; a phone - switch off; -recharge; an old clock - wind up; someone's face- focus on.

My phone's dead. I need to (?) it.
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My phone's dead. I need to recharge it.

I need to (?) my ancient watch.
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I need to wind up my ancient watch.

Please (?) the air conditioning; it's not that hot.
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Please switch off the air conditioning; it's not that hot.

(?) the limonade before you serve it - it tastes better cold.
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Chill the limonade before you serve it - it tastes better cold.

If you (?) your camera (?) that tree over there, you'll get a better picture.
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If you focus your camera on that tree over there, you'll get a better picture.

All the verbs above have another informal or idiomatic meaning.
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Which verbs do you think mean?

relax completely
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chill out

think about, listen or watch something or someone carefully
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focus on

get your energy back
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recharge

say or do something to annoy someone
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wind up

stop listening or thinking
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switch off

Complete the sentences with the correct form of
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one of the verbs (recharge, wind up, switch off, chill, focus on)

I completely (?) when people talk about work at parties. It's so boring!
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I completely switch off when people talk about work at parties. It's so boring!

It really (?) me (?) when a friend checks his email when we're out together.
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It really wind me up when a friend checks his email when we're out together.

A summer holiday is a time to (?) so you have all your energy when you go back to school or work.
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A summer holiday is a time to recharge so you have all your energy when you go back to school or work.

By Saturday I need some downtime, so I stay home and (?) - you know, relax, do nothing.
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By Saturday I need some downtime, so I stay home and chill out - you know, relax, do nothing.

I find the easiest way to unwind in the evenings is to (?) something different like cooking.
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I find the easiest way to unwind in the evenings is to focus on something different like cooking.

perfect opportunity/perfect place/perfect example

important and popular for a long time
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classic destination/classic car/classic film

unusually good and more than expected
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exceptional results/exceptional talents/exceptional ability

giving a lot of pleasure
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delightful city/delightful village/delightful garden

important and easy to notice
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significant progress/significant improvement/significant change

very good or beautiful
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breathtaking views/breathtaking location/breathtaking scenery; superb views/superb locations/superb scenery; stunning views/stunning locations/stunning scenery

perfect, classic, stunning


breathtaking

delightful

exceptional, significant

Underline six uncountable nouns and circle eight nouns which are usually found only in the plural.
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Use a dictionary if necessary.

six uncountable nouns
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luggage, soap, cloth, wood, concrete, stone.

eight plural nouns
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stairs, clothes, glasses, toiletries, outskirts, remains, cards, locals

Read the quiz bellow.
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Find and correct ten mistakes.

When you travel, do you find informations and accommodation by asking at a tourist office?
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When you travel, do you find information and accommodation by asking at a tourist office?

What sort of facility do you expect hotels to have?
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What sort of facilities do you expect hotels to have?

Do you ask friends for advices on what to see?
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Do you ask friends for advice on what to see?

How many luggage do you usually carry for a two-week trip?
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How much luggage do you usually carry for a two-week trip?

Do you ever carry any sports or camping equipments?
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Do you ever carry any sports or camping equipment?

Has airport security ever gone through the content of your suitcases?
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Has airport security ever gone through the content of your luggage?

What mean of transport do you like to travel by most - plane, train or car?
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What means of transport do you like to travel by most - plane, train or car?

On holiday, what's your favourite type of sceneries?
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On holiday, what's your favourite type of scenery?

Do you like looking at the remain of ancient buildings?
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Do you like looking at the remains of ancient buildings?

Do you always keep someone back home informed of your whereabout?
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Do you always keep someone back home informed of your whereabouts?

I have the practical knowledge needed.
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I have the necessary know-how.

I know a lot about what people are like.
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I understand human nature.

I can make people laugh.
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I have a good sense of humour.

I don't get nervous under preasure.
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I'm cool-headed.

I'm in good health and condition.
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I'm in great shape.

I can come up with new things easily.
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I'm inventive.

I can think quickly.
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I have a sharp mind.

I'm talented or skilled in (various fields).
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I'm good with (words/my hands, etc.)

Rewrite the sentences to include an uncountable noun from the box.
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furniture, trouble, information, weather, room, luggage, advice, news, equipment, research

The chairs and desks were relatively inexpensive.
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The furniture was relatively inexpensive.

There are a lot of suggestions available to help with debt.
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There are a lot of advice available to help with debt.

Are there any places left on the course?
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Are there any room left on the course?

Scientific papers show that obesity has doubled over the last decade.
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Scientific research shows that obesity has doubled over the last decade.

The economic reports from the World Bank are disturbing.
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The economic news from the World Bank are disturbing.

Chris has problems hearing clearly.
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Chris has trouble hearing clearly.

What a terrible day!
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What a terrible weather!

The sports items are stored in that cupboard over there.
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The sports equipment is stored in that cupboard over there.

Are there any details available about the free trial?
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Are there any information available about the free trial?

Where are my suitcases?
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Where are my luggage?

Cross out the noun that does NOT collocate with the phrase in the middle of each word web.
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a piece of, an item of, a bit of.

a piece of: news, information, room, advice, research.
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room

an item of: clothing, equipment, advice, luggage, news.
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advice

a bit of: room, trouble, information, transport, furniture
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transport

Which of the nouns can fit with one or both of the other two phrases?
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news (a piece of, an item of); information (a piece of, a bit of); advice (a piece of, an item of); clothing (a piece of, an item of)

Cross out the collocation which is NOT possible.
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an opponent, a match, a ball, a goal, do, play

beat/win/tackle/defeat/lose to + an opponent
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lose to

win/lose/play/beat/draw + a match
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beat

throw/bowl/score/pass/bounce + a ball
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bowl

get/shoot/score/miss/let in + a goal
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let in

do + weight-training/judo/chess/yoga
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chess

play + athletics/baseball/snooker/football
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athletics

Write the correct collocation under
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the photos A-F

bounce a ball

do weight-training

beat an opponent

play football

play snooker

win a match

Look at the common phrases and idioms in bold which come from some of the sports above.
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Match each phrase with its meaning a)-f).

I've told you what I want to do, now the ball is in your court.
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the next move is yours.

Shall we kick off today's lesson by looking at our latest blog entries?
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to start something happening

I think that 70,000 euros is probably in the ballpark for that house.
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a reasonably accurate estimate

I was very impressed by Jamal. He's really on the ball.
empezar lección
able to think or understand or react to something very quickly.

We need to discuss how to tackle the problem quickly.
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to deal with a problem in a determined way.

It's a whole new ballgame for me, I've never directed a video before.
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a completely new situation.


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