3.2 HOME FROM HOME: PREFIXES

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término English
definición English

Read about a hotel. Why is it famous?
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The hotel is famous because many celebrities have lived in it, such as Madonna, Arthur C Clarke and Jack Kerouac.

understatement
To say the movie is bad is an understatement.
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a statement that is not strong enough to express how good, bad, impressive etc something really is

lobby
the hotel lobby
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a large area inside the entrance of a public building

shoot
a photo shoot
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an occasion when someone takes photographs or makes a film

prefix: de-, ir-, im-, non-, un-
meaning: negatives/opposites/reverse
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prefix: de-, ir-, im-, non-, un- inglés
example: degenerate, irreplaceable, immortalised, non-conformity, unfortunately
meaning: negatives/opposites/reverse We use: de-, ir-, im-, un- with adjectives and adverbs; non-: nouns, adjectives

prefix: under-, over-
meaning: size or degree
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prefix: under-, over- inglés
example: understatement, overexposed
meaning: size or degree We use: under-, over-: nouns, adjectives, verbs

prefix: mal-, mis-
meaning: wrong or bad
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prefix: mal-, mis- inglés
example: maladministration, misbehaviour
meaning: wrong or bad We use: mal-, mis-: verbs, abstract nouns, adjectives

prefix: pre-, post-
meaning: time (before or after)
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prefix: pre-, post- inglés
example: pre-dates, post-war
meaning: time (before or after) We use: pre-, post-: adjectives

prefixe: pro-, anti-
meaning: attitude or opinion (for or against)
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prefixe: pro-, anti- inglés
example: proactive, anti-establishment
meaning: attitude or opinion (for or against) We use: pro-, anti-: nouns and adjectives

When we add a prefix to the root word, the spelling of the root word usually changes.
One statement about prefixes is true. Correct the false statements.
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F When we add a prefix to the root word, the spelling of the root word doesn't usually change.

We cannot add more than one prefix at a time to root words.
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F We can add more than one prefix at a time to root words, e.g. uninhabitable.

Learning to recognise prefixes helps us to build our vocabulary and guess unknown words.
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T Learning to recognise prefixes helps us to build our vocabulary and guess unknown words.

There are rules that tell us which prefixes we can add to each root word.
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F There are no rules that tell us which prefixes we can add to each root word.

a place that is (?)known to most tourists because it's (?)exposed in the media
Complete the words by adding prefixes
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a place that is unknown to most tourists because it's underexposed in the media

a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that looks (?)descript but is (?)rated
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a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that looks non-descript but is underrated

a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that you think is (?)attractive and a bit (?)rated
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a hotel, restaurant, bar or café that you think is unattractive and a bit overrated

a building that is (?)inhabitable because it was (?)managed in the past
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a building that is uninhabitable because it was mismanaged in the past

a threatened habitat that is (?)replaceable, but (?)possible to save
threaten: to be likely to harm or destroy something; Illegal hunting threatens the survival of the white rhino.
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a threatened habitat that is irreplaceable, but impossible to save

She was a supermodel when miniskirts first became fashionable.
Underline two prefixes in each sentence.
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supermodel, miniskirts

Camping in sub-zero temperatures, the team soon learnt to cooperate.
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sub-zero, cooperate

I became bilingual by interacting with French speakers from an early age
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bilingual, interacting

I'm semi-retired now, but I outlasted many younger men in this business
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semi-retired, outlasted

prefix: bi-
bimonthly, bicentenary
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meaning: two

prefix: co-
co-author, co-pilot
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meaning: joint

prefix: inter-
interchangeable, intercontinental
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meaning: between/among

prefix: mini-
minicab, minimise
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meaning: small

prefix: out
outsell, outplay
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meaning: bigger/greater than something else

prefix: semi-
semi-skimmed, semicolon
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meaning: half

prefix: sub-
subtitle, subway
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meaning: below

prefix: super-
supernatural, superpower
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meaning: more/more powerful/larger

twice every month
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bimonthly

a hero who has amazing powers
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superhero

grow too big for some of your clothes
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outgrow

a secondary plot that isn't the main story
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sub-plot

between or among nations
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international

a circle cut in half
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semicircle

two people who founded a business together
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co-founders

a small bar, or drinks in a small fridge, in your hotel room
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minibar


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