2.2 CHANGING YOUR MIND: VERB PATTERNS

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término English
definición English

It was great being able to say those things you're usually scared (to say/say/saying) and ask questions you're usually afraid to ask.
Adjective + to + infinitive
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It was great being able to say those things you're usually scared to say and ask questions you're usually afraid to ask.

We were given the freedom (to ask/ask/asking) questions without having to worry about (to be/be/being) judged. I admit (to feel/feel/feeling) a little nervous about a few of the questions.
Noun + to + infinitive (as part of a semi-fixed phrase); verb + -ing; preposition + -ing
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We were given the freedom to ask questions without having to worry about being judged. I admit feeling a little nervous about a few of the questions.

I wanted (to offer/offer/offering) some insights into my job. I took part in the living library event (to challenge/challenge/challenging) stereotypes and misconceptions I'd encountered.
Verb + to + infinitive; to + infinitive used to express purpose
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I wanted to offer some insights into my job. I took part in the living library event to challenge stereotypes and misconceptions I'd encountered.

I enjoyed (to talk/talk/talking) to different people. I learnt more about where my arguments for (to be/be/being) a vegan fall down. I had to apologise for not always being able to answer the question properly.
preposition + -ing; like / love /hate etc. + -ing
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I enjoyed talking to different people. I learnt more about where my arguments for being a vegan fall down. I had to apologise for not always being able to answer the question properly.

They advised me (to be/be/being) as honest as possible.
Verb + object + to + infinitive
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They advised me to be as honest as possible.

(To sleep/Sleep/Sleeping) outside in the middle of winter isn't the problem. Coping with how people treat you is much harder (to deal/deal/dealing) with.
Adjective + to + infinitive; -ing used as a noun (gerund)
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Sleeping outside in the middle of winter isn't the problem. Coping with how people treat you is much harder to deal with.

Verb + to + infinitive
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I decided to explain. I wanted to offer some insights into my job.

Verb + object + to + infinitive
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They encouraged me to apply. They advised me to to be as honest as possible.

Noun + to + infinitive (as part of a semi-fixed phrase)
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It's time to ... We were given the freedom to ask questions.

Adjective + to + infinitive
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I was happy to talk to them. scared to say / afraid to ask / harder to deal with

to + infinitive used to express purpose
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She left early to catch the train. to challenge stereotypes

verb + -ing
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I recall feeling apprehensive. I admit filling a little nervous.

preposition + -ing
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, arguments for being a vegan, apologise for not being

-ing used as a noun (gerund)
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Smoking is bad for you. Sleeping outside; Coping with how...

like / love /hate etc. + -ing
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I hate arguing about politics. I enjoyed talking...

RULES a) Passive infinitive or -ing form
He is always being stopped by police just for the way he looks.
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Use the passive infinitive or -ing form to talk about actions which are done to the subject.

RULES b) Perfect infinitive or -ing form
They seem to have forgotten why we came here.
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Use the perfect infinitive or -ing form to emphasise when one action happens before another.

RULES c) Negative infinitive or -ing form
Not understanding people's reasons for why they do the things they do is a big problem.
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Negatives infinitives or -ing forms can often be made the subject of a sentence, like gerunds.

We all know how important (make/making/to make) a good first impression is.
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We all know how important making a good first impression is.

So, it's vital not (underestimate/underestimating/to underestimate) the importance of choosing your clothes carefully when you go to that key meeting or job interview.
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So, it's vital not to underestimate the importance of choosing your clothes carefully when you go to that key meeting or job interview.

This is your opportunity (impress/impressing/to impress).
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This is your opportunity to impress.

On (walk/walking/to walk) into the room,
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On walking into the room,

most people are likely (to have form/to have forming/to have formed) an opinion of your character based on your appearance in less than three seconds.
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most people are likely to have formed an opinion of your character based on your appearance in less than three seconds.

It's difficult (say/saying/to say)
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It's difficult to say

why people insist on (judge/judging/to judge) by appearances,
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why people insist on judging by appearances,

even when we know that it's so unreliable (do/doing/to do) this.
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even when we know that it's so unreliable to do this.

Even in courtrooms, juries and judges appear (give/giving/to give) lighter sentences to people who are well dressed.
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Even in courtrooms, juries and judges appear to give lighter sentences to people who are well dressed.

I can't bear seeing people smoke in cars.
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correct

* I don't know why you waste all your time sit in front of the computer.
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I don't know why you waste all your time sitting in front of the computer.

* Cooder was encouraged play the guitar by his father.
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Cooder was encouraged to play the guitar by his father.

* They hoped meet up with some of the stars after the show.
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They hoped to meet up with some of the stars after the show.

* I gave up the idea of go into politics when I was in my thirties.
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I gave up the idea of going into politics when I was in my thirties.

* We were tempted ask if we could stay the night, but we thought it might seem rude.
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We were tempted to ask if we could stay the night, but we thought it might seem rude.

I would prefer to have seen it for myself.
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correct

I didn't expect (feel) so embarrassed, but the questions they asked were so personal.
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I didn't expect to feel so embarrassed, but the questions they asked were so personal.

(meet) Linda and (have) the chance to talk about her experience was enlightening.
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Meeting Linda and having the chance to talk about her experience was enlightening.

They had the opportunity (ask) me anything that they wanted.
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They had the opportunity to ask me anything that they wanted.

It's hard (imagine) what it's like to live with a disability.
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It's hard to imagine what it's like to live with a disability.

I wouldn't even contemplate (leave) the country.
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I wouldn't even contemplate leaving the country.

She had refused (marry) the man her parents had chosen for her.
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She had refused to marry the man her parents had chosen for her.

Somehow he seemed (lose) all the money already.
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Somehow he seemed to have lost all the money already.

He is fed up with (be) called rude names.
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He is fed up with being called rude names.


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