2.1 WORDS OF WISDOM: METAPHORS

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término English
definición English

I'm over the hill.
Read the metaphor and choose the correct meaning
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I can't do something well enough because I'm too old.

Why are metaphors used?
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Metaphors add colour to descriptions and help us to visualise a subject.

How do they help to communicate an idea?
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They help to communicate an idea because they allow us to compare one thing to another.

go downhill

having to choose one thing or another
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at a crossroads

have a great future
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(You'll) go far

become number one
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reach the peak

reproduce without thinking
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regurgitate

difficult to believe/accept
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hard to swallow

badly thought-out
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half-baked (idea)

something to think about
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food for thought

keep time free
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put aside some time

using time badly (not doing anything with time=
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wasting precious time

don't have time to do something
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can't afford to spend time

survive after you would expect to be dead
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live on borrowed time

My teachers said, "You have a great future ahead of you"
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You'll go far.

A friend told me she was related to Albert Einstein, but I find that difficult to believe.
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hard to swallow

You should keep some time free to visit the National Gallery when you're in Edinburgh.
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put aside some time

He had a badly thought-out plan to start a website selling cars.
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half-baked

I began my career by winning two tennis tournements, but then things started to go wrong.
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go downhill

Our dog had been sick for years and was expected to die at any moment.
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living on borrowed time

He was at the height of his career when he decided to retire.
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the peak

Someone once said "all children are born geniuses". That's something for us to think about.
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food for thought

As a small child, Akiko was obviously bright.
bright; intelligence as light
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intelligent

Nico shone at maths from an early age.
shone at maths; intelligence as light
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was especially good at something

The solution came to me in a flash of inspiration.
came to me in a flash of inspiration; intelligence as light
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a clever idea that comes suddenly

Everyone thought I was dim, but I eventually passed all my exams.
dim; intelligence as light
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not very intelligent

We analysed the findings and then constructed a theory.
constructed; Theories as buildings
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developed

Do you have any statistics to support this theory?
support; Theories as buildings
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help prove

Your evidence is very weak; that's where your idea falls down.
falls down; Theories as buildings
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fails because a particular reason

The foundations of the argument aren't very strong.
foundations; Theories as buildings
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basis

We made a killing from his latest investment.
a killing; Business as war
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a big profit

The marketing department launched an aggressive campaign to promote the product.
launched an aggressive campaign; Business as war
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began an intense series of actions

Our new adverts are targeting eighteen-year-olds.
targeting; Business as war
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aimed at

The two companies decide to join forces in 2009.
join forces; Business as war
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merge together


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