Basic grammar - Temel dilbilgisi

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término definición
possessive form: first plural person (our)
That garden is ours.
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Bu bahçe bizim.
plural suffix (for those whose last vowel is -a, -ı, -o, -u)
there is a rule called Major Wovel Harmony helps us to decide which suffix to use
cars, echoes, scenarios, fears
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Ex: arabalar, yankılar, senaryolar, korkular
possessive form: third singular person (masculine, his)
His dog is sick.
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Onun köpeği hasta.
possesive form: second singular person (your)
Do you have a car?
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Senin araban var mı?
Turkish word order
remember: Turkish has postpositions rather than prepositions, and objects usually precede verbs
Ahmet talked about his job.
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Türkçe cümlelerde sözcük sıralaması
the Turkish word order can literally be translated as: "Ahmet his job about talked"
Ahmet işi hakkında konuştu.
Turkish words may be made up of a linear sequence of distinct morphemes, each component of meaning is represented by its own morpheme
Turkish is an agglutinative language. Agglutination refers to the process of adding suffixes to a root-word, so that a single word can convey what English would take a complete sentence to say.
They were not coming.
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Türkçe sondan eklemeli bir dil olduğu için, diğer bir çok Batı dilinin aksine tek bir sözcük ile eylem, zaman ve şahıs belirtilebilir.
“They were not coming” is a single word in Turkish: “come” is the root word, and elements meaning “not,” “-ing,” “they,” and “were” (past tense marker) are all suffixed to it.
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